midterm n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Midterm PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Midterm

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

Midterm - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 120 Views
  • Uploaded on

Midterm. Nov. 8 th Content, ch. 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15. Muscle, Nervous Tissue, Blood, Circulatory system, endocrine system, integument, respiratory system ( not digestive system). We have talked about the mucosa in the fundic region. The gastric pits The fundic glands Mucus neck cells

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Midterm


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. Midterm • Nov. 8th • Content, ch. 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15. • Muscle, Nervous Tissue, Blood, Circulatory system, endocrine system, integument, respiratory system (not digestive system)

    2. We have talked about the mucosa in the fundic region • The gastric pits • The fundic glands • Mucus neck cells • Oxyntic cells • Zymogenic cells • DNES cells

    3. Parietal cells • HCl and gastric intrinsic factor which is a glycoprotein secreted to the stomach lumen to absorb vitamin B12. • Intracellular canaliculi lined by microvilli • Lots of H+/K+ ATPase • Carbonic anhydrase makes H2CO3H+H+ leaves K+ entersK leaves through K+ channel and starts the pump again

    4. DNES cells • Along G-I tract see chart on pg 390 • Enteroendocrine cells • Endocrine, paracrine, hormones • Substances same as those released by neurons • Sit on basal lamina

    5. DNES cells • Some reach the lumen (open type), narrow microvillar apex may repond to what is in the lumen • Some don’t (closed type) • Vesicles secrete into lamina propria • Paracrine effect for some • Endocrine effects for some

    6. DNES cells stomach • Glucagon (enterglucagon) stimulates hepatocyte glycogenolysis • Somatostatin inhibits release from neighboring DNES cells • Serotonin increaes peristaltic movement • Substance P increases peristaltic movement

    7. DNES cells stomach • Histamine stimulates HCL secretion • Gastrin – stim. HCl secretion, gastric motility, esp. contraction of pyloric region and relaxation of pyloric sphinctor, proliferation of regenerative cells in the stomach body • Glecentin stimulates hepatocyte glycogenolysis

    8. Muscularis mucosae stomach • 3 layers • Inner cirucular • Outer longitudinal • Outermost circular

    9. Mucosal differences between cardiac and pyloric regions • Cardiac region: • shallow gastric pits, • base of glands are very coiled. • Cardiac glands suface-lining cells, some mucous neck cells, parietal cells, few DNES cells, no chief cells

    10. Mucosal differences between cardiac and pyloric regions • Pyloric region • Same cell types as in cardiac region • Predominant is mucous neck cell and these also secrete lysozyme • Glands are branching • Deep gastric pits, halfway into the lamina propria

    11. Stomach submucosa • Rich vascular and lymphatic network • Cells of CT proper • Submucosal plexus, within the submucosa in the vicinity of the muscularis externa

    12. Muscularis externa of the stomach • Innermost oblique layer • Middle circular layer • Outer longitudinal layer • Serosa invests entire stomach

    13. Small intestine • Duodenum, jejunum, ileum • Common histology: increase surface absorptive and digestive area by • Plicae circularis • Villi • microvilli

    14. Small intestine: mucosa • Epithelium • Surface absorptive cells with brush border, mv, glycocalyx • Goblet cells • Microfold cells where lympoid cells are close to the epithelium

    15. Small intestine: mucosa • Lamina propria, core of villi with LCT • Also extends to the muscularis mucosae • bv and lv, • Tubular intestinal glands, the crypts of Lieberkuhn • Lymphoid cells

    16. crypts of Lieberkuhn • Simple tubular and branched tubular glands • Open into intervillar spaces • Surface absorptive cells • Goblet cells • Regenerative cells • DNES cells • Paneth cells

    17. DNES cells of the crypts of Lieberkuhn • Glicentin stimulate glycogenlysis in hepatocytes • Cholcystokinin stimulates release of pancreatic enzymes, gall bladder contraction • Gastric inhibitory peptide inhibits HCl secretion

    18. DNES cells of the small intestine • Motilin increases intestinal peristalsis • Neurotensin increases blood flow to ileum and decreases peristaltis of large and small intestines • Pancreatic polypeptide, unknown fn