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Ancient Japan, to 645 AD. Libertyville HS – World History. “Three Patriarchs”: Confucius ( in hat), Buddha (curled hair ), Lao Tzu (white haired elder). Japanese Geography. Over 3000 islands, separated from mainland by Sea of Japan 600 inhabited islands

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ancient japan to 645 ad

Ancient Japan, to 645 AD

Libertyville HS – World History

“Three Patriarchs”: Confucius (in hat), Buddha (curled hair), Lao Tzu (white haired elder)

japanese geography
Japanese Geography
  • Over 3000 islands, separated from mainland by Sea of Japan
    • 600 inhabited islands
    • Four main islands: Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Hokkaido
  • Very mountainous terrain
    • Internal isolation
ancient japan
Ancient Japan
  • First humans arrived 30,000 years ago
    • About same time Bering land bridge existed
    • Land bridge between Japan, Korea and Japan and Russia (Siberia)
    • JomonCulture formed around 10,000 BC
jomon culture 10 000 200 bc
Jomon Culture (10,000-200 BC)
  • Stone age people
    • Hunter gatherers, fishing
    • Lived in small tribal groups
    • Made pottery (first ever – surprising; shaped by hand)
  • Around 5-2500 BC, Jomon developed towns, sculpted figurines
  • By 2000 BC, developed agriculture, artwork
  • By 1000 BC, developed religion (goddess figurines)
jomon to yayoi culture 300 200 ad
Jomon to Yayoi Culture (300-200 AD)
  • Around 300 BC, Jomon displaced by wave of Chinese immigrants, from Korea
    • Explains why Japanese, Chinese language are in same family of languages
    • Japanese argue Jomon absorbed Yayoi into their culture (politics in history)

Spread of Yayoi culture

yayoi culture
Yayoi Culture
  • Yayoi technologies
    • Agriculture (rice cultivation)
    • Bronze & iron metallurgy
    • Religion to become Shinto
  • Modern Japanese language, culture, social structure & religion date from Yayoi immigrants
    • Lived in clans (uji)
    • Each clan had own god, to whom chieftain led all prayers
kofun 300 500 ad
Kofun (300-500 AD)
  • Around 300 AD, new culture emerged in SW part of Honshu
  • These people built giant tomb mounds, called kofun (similar practice in Korea)
    • Tombs filled with armor, weapons

Various

Kofun

Kofun, to

scale (400

meters in

length!)

yamato state 500 645 ad
Yamato State (500-645 AD)
  • Earliest Japanese state, ruled by a “Great King”
    • Yamato Plain is the richest agricultural region in Japan
    • Yamato nobility based on Korean models (titles)
    • Military nobility became Japanese constant, until 1868
  • Yamato even held lands in Korea
yamato state
Yamato State
  • In 513 AD, Korean king sent a Chinese Confucian scholar to Japan
  • Resulted in Chinese culture being imported into Japan
    • Written language
    • Confucianism
    • Buddhism
  • Long term profound impact on Japanese culture, history

Japanese Emperor

yamato state1
Yamato State
  • In late 500s, alliance between Korea, Japan broke down
    • Mass Korean immigration
    • Yamato military aristocracy rebelled, too
  • Central government responded with Chinese style government
    • Sent envoys to China to observe its government
    • Adopted 17 Article Constitution
      • Combined Confucian, Buddhist principles
      • Created office of Emperor
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