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MPT 1113: Foundation of Educational Technology. INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN: THE BASICS. JAMALLUDIN HARUN Department of Educational Multimedia Faculty of Education, UTM. INTRODUCTION. Clarifying the terms: Instructional Design (ID) Instructional Systems Design (ISD)

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instructional design the basics

MPT 1113: Foundation of Educational Technology

INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN: THE BASICS

JAMALLUDIN HARUN

Department of Educational Multimedia

Faculty of Education, UTM

introduction
INTRODUCTION

Clarifying the terms:

  • Instructional Design (ID)
  • Instructional Systems Design (ISD)
  • Instructional Systems Design & Development (ISDD)
  • Systems Approach to Training (SAT)

jharun@utm.my

introduction1

1

2

a set of events that facilitate learning

a creative pattern or

a rational, logical, sequential process

intended to solve problems

INTRODUCTION

Design

Instructional

Design

Instructional

Clarifying

the

terms

jharun@utm.my

introduction2
INTRODUCTION

What is Instructional Design?

  • Instructional Design is the systematic process of translating general principles of learning and instruction into plans for instructional materials and activities.

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introduction3
INTRODUCTION

What is Instructional Design?

  • Instructional Design is the systematic development of instructional specifications using learning and instructional theory to ensure the quality of instruction.
  • It is the entire process of analysis of learning needs and goals and the development of a delivery system to meet those needs.
  • It includes development of instructional materials and activities; and tryout and evaluation of all instruction and learner activities.

jharun@utm.my

introduction4
INTRODUCTION

Role of Instructional Design?

  • Systematic process of instructional design enables you to:
    • Identify a performance problem
    • Determine the goals and objectives
    • Define your learners and their needs
    • Develop strategies to meet needs and goals
    • Assess learning outcomes
    • Evaluate if goals, objectives, and needs are met

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introduction5
INTRODUCTION

Why Instructional Design?

  • This systematic approach ensures:
    • There is a need for training.
    • The learning events are well-designed.
    • Quality training materials are developed.
    • Learning events are implemented using appropriate strategies or approaches.
    • Learning events are evaluated to ensure that learning has taken place.

jharun@utm.my

introduction reflect
INTRODUCTION: REFLECT
  • How would you use ID for generating long term strategy for meeting training needs?
  • You want to implement an innovative training & development project that has not been done before. How can you use the ID model to help you? How might it hinder you?
  • Your manager wants you to "develop" a training program. Does this mean you should not do any analysis or design?

jharun@utm.my

instructional design model1
INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN MODEL

What is Instructional Design Model ?

  • Procedural and conceptual models.
  • Based on theory (learning theory, systems theory) or practice (company, military, software development).
  • Give us structure and meaning to a problem.
  • Examples of Instructional Design Model?

jharun@utm.my

examples of id model
EXAMPLES OF ID MODEL

There are numerous instructional design models:

  • ADDIE Model
  • ASSURE Model
  • Dick & Carey Model
  • Hannafin & Peck Model
  • Waterfall Model
  • Rapid Prototyping Model
  • Hipermedia Design Model
  • Multimedia Design Model

jharun@utm.my

examples of id model3
EXAMPLES OF ID MODEL
  • A Analyze Learners
  • S State Objectives
  • S Select Methods, Media & Materials
  • U Utilize Media & Materials
  • R Require Learner Participation
  • E Evaluate & Revise

Assure Model

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examples of id model4

Waterfall Model (Traditional)

EXAMPLES OF ID MODEL

Waterfall Model (Modified)

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examples of id model6
EXAMPLES OF ID MODEL

Hypermedia Design Model

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id model essential phases
ID MODEL: ESSENTIAL PHASES

Can you list all the essestial phases in ID Model ???

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id model five essential phases
ID MODEL: FIVE ESSENTIAL PHASES

Five essestial phases in ID Model:

  • Analysis
  • Design
  • Development
  • Implementation
  • Evaluation

jharun@utm.my

id model analysis phase
ID MODEL: ANALYSIS PHASE
  • Basis for all other phases in the instructional design process.
  • To identify barriers or constraints:
    • define the problems
    • Identify the audeinces
    • identify the cause of the problems
    • determine possible solutions.

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id model design phase
ID MODEL: DESIGN PHASE
  • How will the content be organized?
  • How will it be presented to learners?
  • What delivery format will be used?
  • What types of activities and exercises will be included?
  • How will learners' accomplishments be measured?

jharun@utm.my

id model development phase
ID MODEL: DEVELOPMENT PHASE
  • Focus on generating the course documents and materials used by faculty, trainers and participants during the delivery of the course.
  • Outputs of this phase include competency-based learning guides and checklists, pre- and midcourse questionnaires,computer based learning/traning, web page, trainer’s notes, presentation plans, assignment sheets, case studies, etc.

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id model implementation phase
ID MODEL: IMPLEMENTATION PHASE
  • The implementation phase of the instructional design process refers to the actual delivery of the instruction as designed.
  • Competency-based as part of mastery learning
  • Inservice and preservice delivery
  • Group-based, computer-based

jharun@utm.my

id model evaluation phase
ID MODEL: EVALUATION PHASE
  • The systematic collection, processing, analysis and interpretation of data to determine whether education or training has met its objectives and to identify aspects of the process that should be strengthened.
  • Types of evaluation include participant reaction, participant learning, on-the-job performance and effect of training.

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id model reflect
ID MODEL: REFLECT
  • Question: Until now - did you use instructional Design?
  • What is your opinion concerning the use of Instructional Design Models in eLearning?

jharun@utm.my

id model advantages disadvantages
ID MODEL : ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES

Advantages:

  • Cost effective
  • Saves time and trouble
  • Promotes effective learning
  • Systematic

Disadvantages

  • Very linear
  • Constraining, limits creativity
  • Time-consuming to implement

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next week
NEXT WEEK ???
  • What is Active Learning ?
  • Active Learning criteria?
  • Why Active Learning ?
  • Active Learning techniques ?
  • How technology can help ?

jharun@utm.my

www jz media com

THANK YOU

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