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5 th VTTN CONFERENCE. Using Literary Texts in ELT Presenter: Nguyen Thi Thom Thom (English Department-HULIS) Hanoi, Jan16 th 2008. Using Literary Texts in ELT Contents. I. Introduction. II. Using literary texts in ELT: Why?. III. Text selection criteria.

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5 th vttn conference
5th VTTN CONFERENCE

Using Literary Texts in ELT

Presenter: Nguyen Thi Thom Thom

(English Department-HULIS)

Hanoi, Jan16th 2008

using literary texts in elt contents
Using Literary Texts in ELTContents

I. Introduction

II.Using literary texts in ELT: Why?

III. Text selection criteria

IV. Pedagogical approach

V. Suggested activities

using literary texts in elt why
Using Literary Texts in ELT: Why?

“Literature can be useful in developing linguistic knowledge both on a usage and use level."

“…it may increase their motivation to interact with a text and thus, ultimately increase their reading proficiency.”

“…enhance students' understanding of a foreign culture and perhaps spur their own creation of imaginative works.”

(Sandra McKay, 1982)

using literary texts in elt why4
Using Literary Texts in ELT: Why?

“ …Learners are exposed to language that is as genuine and undistorted as can be managed in the classroom context."

(Adlert & Doren, 1972)

using literary texts in elt why5
Using Literary Texts in ELT: Why?

“Literature can be useful in developing linguistic knowledge both on a usage and use level."

“…it may increase their motivation to interact with a text and thus, ultimately increase their reading proficiency.”

“…enhance students' understanding of a foreign culture and perhaps spur their own creation of imaginative works.”

(Sandra McKay, 1982)

“…Learners are exposed to language that is as genuine and undistorted as can be managed in the classroom context."

(Adlert & Doren, 1972)

using literary texts in elt why6
Using Literary Texts in ELT: Why?

“… the challenge and stimulation of addressing themes and topics which have adult appeal, and which encourage them-learners- to draw on their personal opinions and experiences."

(Gillian Lazar, 1994)

using literary texts in elt why7
Using Literary Texts in ELT:Why?

“…bridge the gap between a fixed curriculum and real teaching contexts…

…support teaching integrated language skills.”

(Thom Nguyen, 2005)

using literary texts in elt why8
Using Literary Texts in ELT:Why?

“… the challenge and stimulation of addressing themes and topics which have adult appeal, and which encourage them-learners- to draw on their personal opinions and experiences."

(Gillian Lazar, 1994)

“…bridge the gap between a fixed curriculum and real teaching contexts…support teaching integrated language skills.”

(Thom Nguyen, 2005)

using literary texts in elt text selection criteria
Using Literary Texts in ELT:Text selection criteria
  • Nga Tran (2004) suggests:
  • appropriateness (lexis, grammar, and style )
  • cultural aspects
  • pleasure and enjoyment
  • Brad Tomlinson (1986):
  • educational value
  • affective value
  • individual value
  • stimulus value
  • Thom Nguyen (2005) puts an emphasis on:
    • Relevance to learner’s background
    • Suitability to skill development
    • Personal involvement and interpretation
using literary texts in elt pedagogic approach
Using Literary Texts in ELT: Pedagogic approach

Carter & Long(2001): “the cultural model, the language model and the personal growth model.”

Personal growth model (the use of literature as a resource):

-improve language competence and literary competence,

-enhance pleasure and personal fulfillment.

-infuse a continuous love and appreciation of literary texts.

using literary texts in elt pedagogic approach11
Using Literary Texts in ELT:Pedagogic approach

Task-based teaching:

Preparation: Teacher (and sometimes students) prepare some suitable materials before hand

Pre-task: To prepare students for the task, to engage their attention

Task: To give students the chance to take part in the activities

Post-task: Eg: listening or exchanging the ideas among the groups

Language focus: To raise students' awareness about target language

Language practice: To give students some restricted written target language

Optional follow up: To give students an opportunity to repeat (and hopefully improve) the task

(Canh Le, 2004)

using literary texts in elt suggested activities
Using Literary Texts in ELT:Suggested Activities

1. Strong lines (Elisabeth B. Ibsen)

2. Storytelling

3. Storylines ( Allan Malley)

4. Gap filling

5. Creative writing

using literary texts in elt suggested activities13
Using Literary Texts in ELT: Suggested Activities

1. Strong lines (Elisabeth B. Ibsen)

  • Ss are required to read a short story before hand.
  • Ss choose "strong lines" ( words and expressions that they like or that disturb them), and share with other members in their group.
  • All the members in one group discuss and choose one "strong line" favoured by most members (they can vote if needed.)
  • Use the "strong line" as the title or the topic for an expressive piece of writing. For example, “write your comments on the sentence above.”
  • Each group reports their works.
using literary texts in elt suggested activities14
Using Literary Texts in ELT:Suggested Activities

2. Storytelling

- Ss are required to read the short story before hand.

- T picks up 10-15 words from the passage. Write the words (in the sequence of occurrence in the text) on the board. For example,

1. news 6. knock

2. killed 7. gentle

3. message 8. blurted

4. loitered 9. nightgown

5. farmhouse 10. bang

(The Corn Planting-Sherwood Anderson)

- Give students one minute to memorise the words.

- Cross out all the words. Ask students to rewrite the words in order within 1 minute.

- Check students' word list. Those who can write more words are the winners.

(Note: in fact, one effective way of memorising all the words is that students put the words in sentences related to the passage, so they can recall the content of the passage at the same time)

using literary texts in elt suggested activities15
Using Literary Texts in ELT:Suggested Activities

2. Storytelling

  • Ss tell the content of the passage, using the word lists. Then, edit and write.
  • - Optional***: Ss use the word list to make up a new story, using the words from top to bottom or from bottom to top. Students should make use of their imagination. For example:
  • Student A: "Last night, I got a terrible piece of news. My beloved pet bird got killed by a neighbour's fierce cat...."
  • Student B: "I was sleeping last night when I was suddenly woken up by a bang. I got out of my bed and went into the kitchen to see what happened. There I saw a stranger in a white nightgown...“
  • Ss tell their stories (The class may choose the best stories), then write their own story as a home task.
using literary texts in elt suggested activities16
Using Literary Texts in ELT:Suggested Activities

3. Storylines ( Allan Malley)

  • - Students are not provided with the text before the lesson.
  • Select one or two key sentences.
  • Write these sentences in order and make them up into a task sheet. I
  • - Groups of 3 or 4 sts work with the task sheet, discuss what they think happen in the story, and find a possible explanation for each of the sentences.
  • - The groups compare their different versions of the story.
  • Class discussion: Ask the class to call out those sentences from the story which they found most difficult to explain. Ss compare their suggestions. Finally reveal what actually happened in the story.
  • Note: Although the activity is best suited to unfamiliar material, it can also be used as a form of memory test to refresh familiar texts, and it is particularly suitable for revising set works or texts which may feature in examination.
using literary texts in elt suggested activities17
Using Literary Texts in ELT: Suggested Activities

4. Gap filling

  • Ss are required to read the story before hand. In the class, however, they are not allowed to look at the story when following this activity.
  • T prepares another copy of the text with some gaps for the students to fill in. (The gaps can be passive vocabulary, adjective vocabulary, etc so that students will have a chance to revise the lexis later.)
  • Ask students to fill in the gaps, exchange the answers in pairs/group.
  • Remind them of the related grammatical focus.
  • - Give them a chance to drill in the language/grammar if possible.
  • Example:
  • Teacher can leave out the relative pronouns (who, which, where, when...) or adjectives of describing the people (Later, ask students to use those adjectives to describe the characters in the story.)
using literary texts in elt suggested activities18
Using Literary Texts in ELT: Suggested Activities

5. Creative writing

Personal Interpretation: Ss write what they feel and respond after reading the story.

Plot summarizing: Paula Willoquet Maricondi (1991) states: "This assignment is both a record and an act of understanding."

Student's research on the author or their comments on some strong lines.

For instance,

Comment on the last sentence of the story.

Create a new version from the ending of the story.

using literary texts in elt
Using Literary Texts in ELT

Thank you for your attendance!

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