Old Kingdom 2600-2050 BC Era of pyramid building Lower Egypt, Giza, Cairo
Middle Kingdom 2049-1570 BC Invasion of Hyksos warriors. Horse Chariot
New Kingdom 1569-332 BC Golden Age of Egypt Capital moved to Thebes. Upper Egypt
Lower Egypt Upper Egypt
Temple building replaces pyramid construction. Pharaohs tombs are cut into cliffs and stone banks of the Nile.
Shows unification of upper and lower Egypt Shows divine kingship Palette of King Narmer, 3100 BC, Slate
Imhotep First recorded architect in history Series of mastabas Imhotep, Step pyramid of King Zozar, Saqqara, 2750 BC