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Safety Trends. MWMA 2004 Fall Summit Lexington, Kentucky Susan Eppes, EST Solutions. Overview. Identify workplace hazards Explore safety program trends Review best practices. When/where do workplace accidents happen?. Everywhere

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Safety trends l.jpg

Safety Trends

MWMA 2004 Fall Summit

Lexington, Kentucky

Susan Eppes, EST Solutions


Overview l.jpg
Overview

  • Identify workplace hazards

  • Explore safety program trends

  • Review best practices


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When/where do workplace accidents happen?

  • Everywhere

  • In 2001, 5.2 million people were injured on the job in the United States – one every 6 seconds (DuPont)


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How much does an accident/injury really cost?

(Hint: Probably more than you think.)


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Cost of garbage pick-up

  • Average cost per household is $12 to $20/month (NSWMA)



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Direct Costs for the accident/injury?

  • Average cost of a lost workday case is $33,000 (National Safety Council)

  • Cost to U.S. business is $1 billion each work (Liberty Mutual)


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Indirect Costs for the accident/injury?

  • Some estimate the costs to be 2 to 5 times greater than direct costs

    • Equipment downtime

    • Replacing and retraining workers

    • Hiring temporary workers

    • Overtime


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Why OSHA Matters for the accident/injury?

  • Good source of data

  • Can help you

    • Identify hazards

    • Tailor solutions

    • Establish priorities


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Why OSHA Matters for the accident/injury?

  • State and local government workers are excluded from Federal coverage (OSH Act of 1970)

  • However…

    • States operating their own workplace safety and health programs under plans approved by the U.S. Department of Labor cover most private sector workers

    • Also requred to extend coverage to public sector workers in the state


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OSHA Regulations for the accident/injury?

  • Permit states without approved plans to develop plans that cover only public sector workers

  • In these states, private sector employment remains under Federal OSHA jurisdiction

  • 23 states/territories operate plans covering both public and private sectors

  • 3 states operate public employee-only plans (CT, NJ, NY)


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States with Approved Plans for the accident/injury?

*Public sector only


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OSHA 2003-2008 for the accident/injury?Strategic Management Plan Goals

  • 15% drop in fatalities

  • 20% drop in injuries and illnesses


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OSHA 2003-2008 for the accident/injury?Strategic Management Plan

  • Strategic plan also covers issues not traditionally addressed by the agency but that account for many work-related injuries, illnesses and deaths

    • Workplace violence

    • Work related motor vehicle accidents



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Where do accidents happen in the solid waste industry? for the accident/injury?

  • Residential collection

  • Commercial collection

  • Disposal facilities

    • Landfill

    • Transfer station

    • Material recovery facility

  • Maintenance facilities


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Who gets injured? for the accident/injury?

  • Truck drivers

  • Spotters

  • Helpers

  • Sorters

  • Mechanics


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Powered industrial trucks for the accident/injury?

Hazard communication

Electrical wiring

Respiratory protection

Guarding floor and wall openings

General duty clause

Personal protective equipment

Lockout/tagout

Means of egress

Portable fire extinguishers

Permit-required confined space

Bloodborne pathogens

Violations


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Solid Waste Workplace Hazards and Solutions: Rear End Loader

  • To reduce the potential for injuries:

    • Follow ANSI Z245.1 guidelines

      • Only ride 2/10 of a mile

      • Don’t exceed 10 miles per hour

    • No riding while backing the vehicle

    • Only ride on riding steps, not loading steps or entry/exit steps

    • If you lose view or contact of helper, stop backing up

    • Stop two-sided pickup

    • Wear visibility vests

    • Step off only after vehicle stops

    • Check road conditions; if not smooth, get in cab


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Solid Waste Workplace Hazards and Solutions: Space Management

  • Tip-overs

  • Tipping floor

  • Working face

  • People and equipment


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Solid Waste Workplace Hazards and Solutions: Material Storage

  • Bale integrity

  • Stack integrity

  • Daily inspection

  • Restricted work area


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Solid Waste Workplace Hazards and Solutions: Commercial Containers

  • Securing container to truck

  • Auto-tarpers

  • Tarping stations

  • Turn down loads


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Solid Waste Workplace Hazards and Solutions: Lockout/Tagout Containers

  • Balers

  • Conveyors

  • FEL top door

  • Truck maintenance

  • Cleaning

  • Clearing jams


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Solid Waste Workplace Hazards and Solutions: Working under Suspended Loads

  • Truck maintenance

  • Tailgates

  • FEL forks

  • Containers


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Collection Route Best Practices Suspended Loads

  • Route observations

  • Seat belts

  • Lockout/tagout

  • Personal protective equipment

  • Safety devices

  • Contract language for bids and RFPs

    • ANSI Z245.1 compliance

  • Defensive routing


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Collection Best Practices: Suspended LoadsDefensive Routing

  • Minimize backing

  • Eliminate double siding/zigzagging

  • Perform right-hand routing

  • Control speed


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Waste Industry Best Practices Suspended Loads

  • Employee buy-in

  • Supervisor involvement

  • Management commitment

  • Effective training


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Supervisors and managers Suspended Loads

  • Ride-alongs

  • Observation

  • Equipment selection

  • Reward and incentive program


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Employee buy-in Suspended Loads

  • Give input into

    • Equipment selection

    • Routing

    • Processes

    • Bad stops

  • Reward best practices

  • Suggestion program

  • Family involvement


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Effective training Suspended Loads

  • It’s quality, not quantity

  • New employee orientation should not be 6 hours of videotapes….

  • Hands-on training

  • Must be ongoing process


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Susan Eppes, EST Solutions Suspended Loads

EST Solutions, Inc. provides professional, integrated ergonomics, safety and health consulting services focused on reducing operating costs by controlling accidents, injuries and compliance costs.

For more information, please contact Susan Eppes at 832-435-3472 or seppes@houston.rr.com.