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Technology Trends in GA Safety PowerPoint Presentation
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Technology Trends in GA Safety
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  1. Technology Trends in GA Safety Presentation to CGAR 2012 Annual Meeting By: Wes Ryan, Manager ACE-114Date: June 12, 2012

  2. Objective • Discuss Future Trends for GA Technology • How to Leverage CGAR’s Work

  3. Trends NOW • Portable Devices • “Connected” Devices • “Hybrid” Avionics • Auto Collision Avoidance - Air/Gnd • “Easy Button” - Automatic Landing • Optionally Piloted Vehicles • Electric & Hybrids

  4. Future Technology Trends • Shrinking Electronics • “Smart” Materials • Electric/Hybrid Propulsion • Powered Lift – Vertical T.O. • Networked Vehicles • Active/Passive Self Protection/Healing • Analysis vs. Test

  5. Ideas for GA R&D • Anything related to cheap, retrofit stall prevention systems • Impact/Use of Portables vs. Installed Systems – Pilot Trust/Use of Handhelds • Pilot perception of AOA data & dynamic stall • Autoland/Autonomous Effect on Ops/ATC • UAS Control Tech on GA Accidents • How to Present 4D Trajectory Data • New Fuels & Impact on Systems/Materials

  6. Grounding Principles • R&D Must Help Keep Pace With Technology • Find “Clear Cert. Paths” • Focus on Accomplishing Future Safety Goals – Managing Risk • Reap “Unimaginable” Benefits • Counter Zero Risk Mentality & “Removal of All Uncertainty”

  7. Technology Key to….. • Address Remaining Root Causes of GA Fatalities • Reduce Fatal Accidents by 50% • Reduce Costs by 50%

  8. Supporting

  9. Critical Time for GA • Rising Fuel & Maint. Costs, Pace of Cert, etc. • Greater Scrutiny on GA Safety & Cert. Burden • Need “Right” Approach

  10. Creating the Right Regulatory Approach 10E-?? Current Civil Cert Requirements Integrated Systems Historical Certification Efforts to Improve Safety Safety Enhancements For Simple Aircraft Cost & Complexity Digital Systems Electronics Transport Aircraft Simple Aircraft High Value Systems Early Aircraft Active Risk Management Time & Expectations

  11. Risk Based Approach • Potential Threat to Persons & Property on the Ground • Safety Risk Management Applied to Assure Safety • Occupant Understanding of Personal Risk • Societal Safety Expectations

  12. Goals of the P23 ARC • A Look Ahead to part 23 in 20+ Yrs • Risk & Performance Driven Requirements Instead of Weight & Propulsion • Encourage New, Safer Designs While Reducing Cert Cost • Opportunity to help transform entry level GA airplanes into 21st century products • Leverage Technology for Safety

  13. Portable Devices • Concept – Mimic Trend in Personal Electronics • Benefit – New Functions @ Low Cost • Premise - Advisory & Non-critical Functions Only • Limitation - Cannot Be a Primary Source of Required Information of Function

  14. Connected “Hybrid” Avionics • Concept - Provide I/O to Certified Systems • Benefit – Faster Flt. Planning & Data Input • Premise - Advisory & Non-critical Functions Only • Limitation - Certified Avionics Systems Still Primary Input

  15. Air/Ground Collision Avoidance • Concept – Utilize Autopilot & Terrain Data • Benefit – “Refuse to Crash” Capability • Premise – Emergency Use, Non-Required System • Limitation - Pilot Can Disengage or Override • Demonstration on NASA UAS

  16. Easy Button – “Auto Land” • Concept – Digital Parachute, or Pilot Incapacitation Recovery • Benefit – Automatic Emergency Landing Capability • Premise – Non-Required Ftn. • Limitation - Pilot Can Disengage or Override

  17. Easy Button – Conceptual Steps Step 1 – Aircraft encounters emergency Step 2 – Crew/passenger presses guarded Panic Button Step 3 – Flight controls take over and fly aircraft to nearest airport Step 4 – Flight controls land aircraft safely

  18. Optionally Piloted Aircraft • Concept – “Manned UAS” • Benefit – Reduction in Crew, Workload, Accidents, Etc. • Premise – Marriage of GA and UAS Technology for Safety • Limitation - Prototype for Non-Pax, Cargo, Surveillance, Etc.

  19. Electric Propulsion • Concept – Manned Electric Flight • Benefit – Emissions, Noise, Costs of Operations • Premise – Safely Gain Experience in Exp. & LSA prior to Part 23 Certification • Limitation - Battery Costs, Endurance, & Hazards

  20. Links for reference: Vertical Power http://verticalpower.com/vp-400/ Vertical Power Auto-land Demo http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=9bkYXdlLYJ8 Collins Auto-land http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6jRS8st2mts Athena/Collins Reconfigurable Controls http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PTMpq_8SSCI&feature=player_embedded http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UWUkn7gyBQA Quadcopter http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JTWmOHedrXw&feature=related NASA Concept http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I_KloqLa2Og&feature=g-vrec

  21. Automation Goals • Continue to Focus on Better Automation in GA • Reduce Workload - Single Crew - Reduce Accidents • Intuitive & Consistent Automation Philosophy • Reduce Subjective Requirements • Combined Challenge Due to Rapid Evolution

  22. Discussion……

  23. Thank you!