The Battle of Bull RunPrimary Source InvestigationAdapted from a lesson found on: http://www.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessnuse/howtouse.htm#facts
Bull Run: In Summary • Lincoln and General Winfield Scott came up with the “Anaconda Plan” • 1. Surround South by land and sea to cut off trade. 2. Divide the South in two (MS River) 3. Capture Richmond, Virginia • Rose Greenhow – SPY – she lived in the North and sent messages to the South about their planned attack on Richmond. • When Northern troops marched toward Richmond, they met Southern troops who were waiting for them. • “Stonewall” Jackson – helped win the battle • Bull Run – smashing victory for the South, shocking blow for the North. • BOTH SIDES BEGAN TO PREPARE FOR A LONG WAR.
Find Washington D.C. and Richmond – what do you notice about the proximity?
What are some possible advantages of having the Union Capital in Washington D.C.?
A regiment of Union Troops just before the Battle of Bull Run. How would you describe the mood of this photo?
Take a moment to read The Battle of Bull Run: The Letters of J.W. Reid In what way would you compare the mood of the letter to the mood of the soldiers in the photograph we just looked at? Who do you think J.W. Reid is writing to? What makes you think this? How would you have responded if you had received this letter?
The battle was fought near the Henry Home in Manassas. This is a drawing depicting the house shortly after the first battle of Manassas/Bull Run.
Take a moment to readBull Run: Some Events Connected with the Life of Judith Carter Henry Remember to read the questions first, then the passage. Annotate as you read, underlining facts that interest you and/or answer questions.
This is a photograph of the same house in March of 1862. Many times, the aftermath of battles were worse for civilians than the actual battles. Why would that be so? What do you think happened to this house?
Soldiers' Graves on Muddy Battlefield of Bull Run: Hastily buried soldiers were marked with headboards in the mud after the First Battle of Bull Run. Many soldiers were never identified due to the frequent field burials
Moment of reflection: The Smithsonian Institute website refers to the Battle of Bull Run as the “End of Illusions”. Why do you think it would be called that? What lessons did Americans (soldiers and civilians) learn from this battle?