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7C:357 Advanced Group Counseling and Psychotherapy Dr. Nicholas Colangelo – Spring 2001 Multicultural Considerations in Group Counseling Class Presentation #1. James Bethea Noel Estrada-Hernández Robinson A. Vázquez-Ramos March 7, 2001. Multicultural Perspectives.
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7C:357 Advanced Group Counseling and PsychotherapyDr. Nicholas Colangelo – Spring 2001Multicultural Considerations in Group CounselingClass Presentation #1
Robinson A. Vázquez-Ramos
March 7, 2001
Pedersen (1989, 1990, 1994) views multiculturalism as the “fourth force” in the counseling field, along with the psychodynamic, behavioral, and humanistic perspectives.Pedersen believes that multiculturalism is the most important new idea to shape the profession in twenty years.
Members can gain much from the power and strength of collective group feedback.
They can be supportive of one another.
As members see their peers challenging themselves and making desired change in their lives it gives them hope that change is possible for them.
Some individuals may be reluctant to readily disclose personal material or share family conflict.
They may see it as shameful.
People from some cultures rely on members of extended family for help rather than seeking professional assistance.
Some individuals may not feel comfortable in a group.
Some may be hesitant to join a group because of their unfamiliarity with how group works.Advantages and limitations when using group formats with culturally diverse client populations:
If you hope to become an effective multicultural group counselor, you need to be able to understand the importance of the following components:
Multicultural Awareness and Skills in Group PracticeHow may a counselor work ethically and effectively with group members who are culturally different from themselves?
Multicultural Awareness and Skills in Group Practice:Most of the code of ethics of the various professional organizations now give some attention to applying these principles when working with culturally diverse clients. For example, the APA’s Office of Ethnic Minority Affairs has developed guidelines for providers of psychological services to ethnic, linguistic, and culturally diverse population.
Multicultural Awareness and Skills in Group Practice:Corey (1997) provides a sample of some APA’s modified guidelines for working with groups:
Ethnic similarity between counselor and the client represent the optimal pairing arrangement.
Believe that the counselor’s training and sensitivity can transcend ethnic differences.
Issues and Strategies Leading Culturally Diverse Counseling GroupsSome experts view culturally diverse counseling groups as being potentially disruptive to the general goals of counseling, whereas others see the composition of such groups as only a minor problem that can be dealt with effectively as a part of the counseling process.
Johnson, Torres, Coleman, and Smith (1995) provide some recommendations for group counselors interested in building cross-cultural awareness and competence: