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I Samuel 13 Saul Falls!. 1 Sam 13:1 (NKJV). Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,. 2 Very different versions. 1 Sam 13:1 (NKJV). (1 Sam 13:1 NASB). Saul was forty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned thirty -two years over Israel.

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I Samuel 13

Saul Falls!

1 sam 13 1 nkjv
1 Sam 13:1 (NKJV)
  • Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,
2 very different versions
2 Very different versions

1 Sam 13:1 (NKJV)

(1 Sam 13:1 NASB)

Saul was forty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned thirty-two years over Israel.

  • Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,
clarke s notes
Clarke’s Notes:

“Saul reigned one year” - A great deal of learned labor has been employed and lost on this verse, to reconcile it with propriety and common sense. I shall not recount the meanings put on it. I think this clause belongs to the preceding chapter, either as a part of the whole, or a chronological note added afterwards; as if the writer had said, These things (related in 1 Samuel 12:1-25) took place in the first year of Saul’s reign:

clarke s notes1
Clarke’s Notes:

and then he proceeds in the next place to tell us what took place in the second year, the two most remarkable years of Saul’s reign. In the first he is appointed, anointed, and twice confirmed, viz., at Mizpeh and at Gilgal; in the second, Israel is brought into the lowest state of degradation by the Philistines, Saul acts unconstitutionally, and is rejected from being king. These things were worthy of an especial chronological note.

saul jonathan
Saul & Jonathan
  • (1 Sam 13:2 NKJV) Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel. Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. The rest of the people he sent away, every man to his tent.
jonathan attacked the philistines
Jonathan attacked the Philistines
  • (1 Sam 13:3 NKJV) And Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, "Let the Hebrews hear!"
1 sam 13 4 nkjv
(1 Sam 13:4 NKJV)
  • Now all Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel had also become an abomination to the Philistines. And the people were called together to Saul at Gilgal.
1 sam 13 5 nkjv
1 Sam 13:5 (NKJV)
  • Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. And they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth Aven.
the people hid in caves
the people hid in caves
  • (1 Sam 13:6 NKJV) When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger (for the people were distressed), then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits.
1 sam 13 7 nkjv
(1 Sam 13:7 NKJV)
  • And some of the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.
1 sam 13 7 nkjv1
(1 Sam 13:7 NKJV)
  • And some of the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.
the people followed him trembling
“the people followed him trembling.”
  • “Those that staid with Saul followed him trembling, expecting no other than to be cut off, and having their hands and hearts very much weakened by the desertion of so many of their troops. And perhaps Saul himself, though he had so much honour as to stand his ground, yet had no courage to spare wherewith to inspire his trembling soldiers.” – Matthew Henry
he waited seven days
“he waited seven days.”
  • (1 Sam 13:8 NKJV) Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.
did he wait seven days or until the 7 th day
Did he wait seven days,or until the 7th day?
  • (1 Sam 13:8 NKJV) Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.
  • (1 Sam 10:8 NKJV) "You shall go down before me to Gilgal; and surely I will come down to you to offer burnt offerings and make sacrifices of peace offerings. Seven days you shall wait, till I come to you and show you what you should do."
saul s big mistake
Saul’s big mistake
  • (1 Sam 13:9 NKJV) So Saul said, "Bring a burnt offering and peace offerings here to me."And he offered the burnt offering.
samuel shows up
Samuel Shows Up!
  • (1 Sam 13:10 NKJV) Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him.
the setting of the sin
The Setting of the Sin
  • (1 Sam 13:11 NKJV) And Samuel said, "What have you done?" And Saul said, "When I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that you did not come within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered together at Michmash,
saul s reasoning
Saul’s Reasoning
  • (1 Sam 13:12 NKJV) "then I said, 'The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal,and I have not made supplication to the LORD.' Therefore I felt compelled, and offered a burnt offering."
1samuel 13 12 adam clarke
1Samuel 13:12 – Adam Clarke
  • I forced myself - It was with great reluctance that I did what I did. In all this Saul was sincere, but he was rash, and regardless of the precept of the Lord, which precept or command he most evidently had received, 1Sa_13:13. And one part of this precept was, that the Lord should tell him what he should do. Without this information, in an affair under the immediate cognizance of God, he should have taken no step.
the verdict by samuel
The Verdict by Samuel
  • (1 Sam 13:13 NKJV) And Samuel said to Saul, "You have done foolishly. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you.For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever.
the verdict by samuel1
The Verdict by Samuel
  • (1 Sam 13:13 NKJV) For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever.
  • Your Descendants would have continued to be kings of Israel. Instead, that honor will now go to David.
the verdict by samuel continues
The Verdict by Samuel Continues
  • (1 Sam 13:14 NKJV) "But now your kingdom shall not continue. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you."
samuel apparently goes with saul
Samuel apparently Goes with Saul
  • (1 Sam 13:15 NKJV) Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men.
the philistines are in israel s territory
The Philistines are in Israel’s territory
  • (1 Sam 13:16 NKJV) Saul, Jonathan his son, and the people present with them remained in Gibeah of Benjamin. But the Philistines encamped in Michmash.
slide34

(1 Sam 13:17 NKJV) Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies. One company turned to the road to Ophrah, to the land of Shual,

slide35

(1 Sam 13:18 NKJV) another company turned to the road to Beth Horon, and another company turned to the road of the border that overlooks the Valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness.

philistine s total gun control
Philistine’s Total “Gun Control”
  • (1 Sam 13:19 NKJV) Now there was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, "Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears."
inconvenience of gun control
“Inconvenience” of “Gun Control”
  • (1 Sam 13:20 NKJV) But all the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man's plowshare, his mattock, his ax, and his sickle;
israel had to pay for the most basic needs
Israel had to pay for the most basic needs.
  • (1 Sam 13:21 NKJV) and the charge for a sharpening was a pim for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to set the points of the goads.
the costs in our language
The costs in our language
  • (1 Sam 13:21 NCV) The Philistine blacksmiths charged about one-fourth of an ounce of silver for sharpening plows and hoes. And they charged one-eighth of an ounce of silver for sharpening picks, axes, and the sticks used to guide oxen.
israel was completely disarmed except saul jonathan
Israel was completely disarmed! (except Saul & Jonathan)
  • (1 Sam 13:22 NKJV) So it came about, on the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people who were with Saul and Jonathan. But they were found with Saul and Jonathan his son.
a chapter concludes
A Chapter Concludes
  • (1 Sam 13:23 NKJV) And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash.
a pretty sad looking army
A pretty sad looking Army

It was small in number

They had no weapons

(1 Sam 13:22 NKJV) So it came about, on the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people who were with Saul and Jonathan. But they were found with Saul and Jonathan his son.

  • (1 Sam 13:15 NKJV) Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men.
how did we get here this is where we need to know history
How did we get here?This is where we need to know history.
  • The Philistines had gained in power instead of being subdued.
how did we get here this is where we need to know history2
How did we get here?This is where we need to know history.
  • The Philistines had gained in power instead of being subdued.
  • The people turned to a king instead of to God.
how did we get here this is where we need to know history3
How did we get here?This is where we need to know history.
  • The Philistines had gained in power instead of being subdued.
  • The people turned to a king instead of to God.
  • What could a king do with 600 unarmed men?
how did we get here this is where we need to know history4
How did we get here?This is where we need to know history.
  • The Philistines had gained in power instead of being subdued.
  • The people turned to a king instead of to God.
  • What could a king do with 600 unarmed men?
  • Did they ever ask, “Have we lost something?
how did we get here this is where we need to know history5
How did we get here?This is where we need to know history.
  • The Philistines had gained in power instead of being subdued.
  • The people turned to a king instead of to God.
  • What could a king do with 600 unarmed men?
  • Did they ever ask, “Have we lost something?”
  • Did they ever seek to Repent?
how did we get here this is where we need to know history6
How did we get here?This is where we need to know history.
  • The Philistines had gained in power instead of being subdued.
  • The people turned to a king instead of to God.
  • What could a king do with 600 unarmed men?
  • Did they ever ask, “Have we lost something?”
  • Did they ever seek to Repent?
  • Perhaps they did, but too late to help many.
conclusion yet to come
Conclusion Yet to Come
  • (1 Chr 10:11-12 NKJV) And when all Jabesh Gilead heard all that the Philistines had done to Saul, {12} all the valiant men arose and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons; and they brought them to Jabesh, and buried their bones under the tamarisk tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days.
  • But the loss had already been sustained – Saul, Jonathan, and his sons were dead.