The Arab-Israeli Conflict An Introduction
Objectives • Locate important places in and around Israel/Palestine. • Explain how geography lies at the core of the Arab-Israeli conflict. • Discuss the religious significance of Jerusalem.
What is the Arab-Israeli conflict? 1 land, 2 peoples
1 land • Israel/Palestine = disputed land, both Israelis & Palestinians claim it • land has changed hands: • before 1948 – Palestine (under the control of various imperial powers) • 1948 – Israel created
2 peoples • Palestinians • religion: Muslim (90%) & Christian (10%) • language: Arabic • supported by Arab countries • Israelis • religion: mainly Jewish • language: Hebrew • supported by US and Britain
Why do Palestinians and Israelis both claim the same land? • land is connected to birth of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam • Jerusalem • both Palestinians and Israelis claim it as their capital because it contains important holy sites: • Temple Mount / Haram al Sharif (Judaism & Islam) • Dome of the Rock • Al-Aqsa Mosque • Wailing Wall • Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Christianity) • divided into quarters: Christian, Muslim, Jewish, Armenian