The Arab-Israeli Conflict - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Arab-Israeli Conflict

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The Arab-Israeli Conflict

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  1. The Arab-Israeli Conflict An Introduction

  2. Objectives • Locate important places in and around Israel/Palestine. • Explain how geography lies at the core of the Arab-Israeli conflict. • Discuss the religious significance of Jerusalem.

  3. What is the Arab-Israeli conflict? 1 land, 2 peoples

  4. 1 land • Israel/Palestine = disputed land, both Israelis & Palestinians claim it • land has changed hands: • before 1948 – Palestine (under the control of various imperial powers) • 1948 – Israel created

  5. 2 peoples • Palestinians • religion: Muslim (90%) & Christian (10%) • language: Arabic • supported by Arab countries • Israelis • religion: mainly Jewish • language: Hebrew • supported by US and Britain

  6. Why do Palestinians and Israelis both claim the same land? • land is connected to birth of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam • Jerusalem • both Palestinians and Israelis claim it as their capital because it contains important holy sites: • Temple Mount / Haram al Sharif (Judaism & Islam) • Dome of the Rock • Al-Aqsa Mosque • Wailing Wall • Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Christianity) • divided into quarters: Christian, Muslim, Jewish, Armenian

  7. Temple Mount

  8. Temple Mount

  9. Dome of the Rock

  10. Western or Wailing Wall

  11. Al Aqsa Mosque

  12. Church of the Holy Sepulchre