The Arab-Israeli Conflict Part 2 CFR Crisis Guide: The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict –
What’s the Message Here? Daly Show on Arab-Israeli Conflict
What are the Unresolved Issues? What are the unresolved issues preventing a final peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians? President Obama with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian President Malmond Abbas.
Unresolved Issue # 1The Permanent Borders of a Future Palestinian State • Palestinians want Israel to with- draw to pre-1967 borders and the establishment of a sovereign Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza. • Israel still occupies parts of the West Bankand has annexed some parts that it insists it will never give up.
The Issue of Israeli Settlements • 300,000 Israeli settlers now live in West Bank along with 2.2 million Palestinians. • Israel has annexed some West Bank territory and insists on keeping its major settlements. • These Israeli settlements in the West Bank complicate peace negotiations.
Israeli West Bank Settlements News report on settlement issue Helecoptor Tour Over West Bank
Israel’s Security Barrier (Wall) Also Complicates Negotiations
Unresolved Issue # 2Palestinian Refugees and the Right of Return • Four million displaced Palestinians living in refugee camps today in occupied territories and neighboring Arab states. • Palestinians want refugees or their descendants to be able to return to homes and land they lost in 1948. • Israel rejects right of refugees to return to Israel. Would threaten the existence of Israel as a Jewish state.
Unresolved Issue # 3Control of East Jerusalem • Palestinians want East Jerusalem as the capital of their future state. • Israel’s annexed East Jerusalem and vows it will never give it up. • Residents of East Jerusalem are mostly Palestinians, but 250,000 Israelis now live there as well.
Unresolved Issue # 4Israel’s Security How to guarantee security of Israel’s borders if radical groups like Hamas and Hezbollah refuse to recognize Israel’s right to exist ?
Obama and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Obama and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
September, 2010Obama Convened New Peace Talks • First direct talks between Israel and Palestinians in two years . • Stated goal was to “create a sovereign Palestinian state beside a secure Israel within one year.” Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu with Palestinian President MahmoudAbbas
September, 2010Peace Talks Quickly Broken Down • Peace talks broke down within weeks over the settlement issue. • Talks remain stalled today. • Palestinians insist they won’t return to talks until Israel halts building of new settlements. • Israel insists on talks without any preconditions.
May 2011Palestinian Rapprochement • Fatah and Hamas signed • reconciliation agreement. • Cited their common goal • of resistance to Israeli • occupation. • Reflects Fatah’s growing • frustration with stalled • peace process.
U.S.-Israeli RelationsTension Over Settlements • Obama opposes expansion of existing Israeli settlements or the building of any new ones. • Israel refuses to stop building new housing in East Jerusalem or the West Bank.
U.S.-Israeli RelationsTension over Borders • Obama endorsed the Palestinian position • that borders should be based on 1967 lines • with “mutually agreed swaps” of land. • Led to tense meeting b/ • Netanyahu and Obama • at White House and Netanyahu publically rejecting the idea. PBS Report on May 2011 Meeting (5:00)
September, 2011Palestinians Seek UN Recognition • Palestinians sought UN’s recognition of Palestinian as a full-member state. • Wanted recognition of state consisting of all of West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem. • Bid failed because it lacked of support in the UN Security Council (+ U.S. veto threat).
November, 2012UN General Assembly Recognizes Palestine as Non-member Observer State • Move strongly opposed by Israel and the US. • Vote was 138-9 in favor, with 41 nations abstaining. • Palestinians can now take part in UN debates. • Opponents say a Palestinian state should emerge only from bilateral negotiations with Israel. CNN report on meaning of UN Vote (3:21)