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The Fall - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Fall. The Pre-Roman World. Rome Expands. Rome Expands. Many-Front War. Rome Expands. The Republic Crumbles. Rome Expands. Roman Empire. Rome Expands. Rome Expands. Rome Expands. The Empire at its Peak. Final Decline. Constantine the Great (306-337) Legalized Christianity 313

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final decline
Final Decline
  • Constantine the Great (306-337)
    • Legalized Christianity 313
  • Theodosius I (379-395)
    • The last ruler of the whole empire
    • Made Christianity official 391
    • Empire divided East-West 395
  • Eastern Invasions
  • Romulus Augustulus deposed 476
  • Eastern half endures as Byzantine Empire to 1453
political problems
Political Problems
  • 1. The senate became extremely corrupt and political instability came into existance.
  • A series of very incompetent, rather crazy Emperors were elected and the Plebians suffered as a result.
  • 2. Emperor Constantine divided the empire into two halves. He declared Constantinople the new capital of Roman society, claiming rule over all Eastern provinces. The Western Roman Empire lost its power over towns in the East, causing a great reduction in profits from the treasury and weakening them dramatically in warfare. Now their strength had been dwindled.
economic problems
Economic Problems
  • 1. Rome depended on its empire for funds, (farming practices and mining) it became very poor and had trouble coping economically.
  • 2. During certain Imperators regimes, they debased the currency. This meant that a coin didn't have a default value. As a result, severe inflation occurred.
  • 3. High taxes was another issue which wasn't resolved easily. It caused distress and anxiousness among many classes in Ancient Rome.
  • 4. Disease most likely had a massive impact. Malaria and other plagues became regular occurrences, killing up to 20% of Rome's population in 150 years.
military problems
Military PRoblems
  • 1. By 300 AD the majority of the Roman army was comprised of barbarian Mercenaries trained soldiers-
  • 2. No one wanted to fight in the Army anymore
  • 3. No one was loyal to Rome anymore
  • 4. Tribes large sums of tribute so that they didn't attack.
  • 5. Barbaric hordes of fearsome warriors gathered in the North/East of Europe in large groups, slowly gaining huge influence (Vandals, Goths, Huns). It was however, inevitable, and these nomadic tribes would soon occupy dominions within the Roman Empire, slowly breaking down the money within coffers and Roman authority itself.
official end to rome
Official End to ROME!
  • 1. The deciding factor. All this pressure was to much for Rome to handle, it had struggled endlessly with immense problems for hundreds of years. Alaric, leader of the Visigoths sacks Rome in 410 AD.
slide26

Attila the Hun:“The Scourge of God”

Later, Rome is spared from being pillaged again - Attila the Hun, another barbaric warlord decides to retire his reign in 452 AD but destroys many cities in Italy.

romulus augustulus
Romulus Augustulus
  • Last Emperor of Western Rome
  • Resigned 476 AD to Germanic Chief Odoracer