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Culinary Arts I

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  1. Culinary Arts I Food Safety and Sanitation

  2. Food Safety • Reducing the risk of making yourself and others sick through food production • 76 million food borne illnesses are reported each year. • 300,000 people are hospitalized each year • 5,000 people die each year

  3. FOOD SAFETY & SANITATION • This is what happens when a fly lands on your food. Flies can not eat solid food, so to soften it up they vomit on it. Then they stamp the vomit until it’s a liquid. When its good and runny, they suck it all back again, probably dropping some excrement at the same time.

  4. Cross-Contamination • Definition: The spread of harmful germs from one surface to another, or to food • Can be prevented by: • proper sanitary practices • Proper Hand washing • Using clean utensils • Sanitizing between tasks • Isolation of workstations is important when preparing potentially hazardous food

  5. HAND WASHING • How often: Every time you change tasks, handle garbage, use the restroom, sneeze, cough, or handle $ • Using gloves is mandatory with any non-wrapped food item (chips vs. sandwich). • Gloves must be changed between all situations stated above.

  6. Cleaning vs. Sanitizing Cleaning: • Free of visible soil, dirt, dust or food waste Sanitizing: Process of reducing the number of microorganisms, bacteria on a clean surface to safe levels Some type of cleaning solution

  7. FoodHazards • Biological Hazards - Danger to food safety caused by disease-causing micro-organisms • Chemical Hazards – Danger to food safety caused by cleaners, pesticides and other chemicals • Physical Hazards – Danger to food safety caused by glass, metal & other physical particles

  8. Bacteria • Can multiply rapidly to disease-causing levels at favorable temps. 70 to 125 • Can produce toxins in food that can poison humans when the food is eaten • Cause most food borne illnesses

  9. Viruses: • Do not grow in food, but can be transported by food items. • Transported by many food items, including ice & water.

  10. Parasites: • Live inside a host to survive • Can cause people to become infected if they eat raw or undercooked meat.

  11. Fungi: • Molds: Cause illnesses, infections, and allergies • Yeast: spoils food

  12. FAT-TOM(conditions that favor the growth of most food borne organisms) • FOOD • ACIDITY (ph scale) • TIME • TEMPERATURE (danger zone) • OXYGEN (vacuum packed) • MOISTURE

  13. SANITIZING • Why is sanitization so important? • Kills germs Prevents Cross-Contamination Bleach Bath 1t. to 1 gallon water (warm) Procedure: wash dishes, rinse, bleach bath in separate container, air dry in drying rack

  14. FOOD STORAGE • Properly Stored Food: • Top Rack: ready to heat & serve • Middle Rack: Veggies, other food to be cooked • Bottom Rack: Raw meats

  15. Food Temps for maintaining safety • DANGER ZONE IS: 41- 140 Cold foods must be kept below 40 degrees OR hot foods above 140 degrees.

  16. Cooling down food • 3 ways to cool/ thaw food • 1. In the refrigerator • 2. cook right away • 3. Microwave

  17. TemperatureDangerZone • Thawing • Storing • Cooling • Reheating • Potentially Dangerous Foods • Hand washing

  18. 5 dirtiest foods: http://shine.yahoo.com/channel/health/the-5-dirtiest-foods-327375/ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iz4SjUBiqkc

  19. Importance of Food Safety & Sanitation • Lack of proper food safety & sanitation can cause: • Loss of customers & sales • Loss of prestige & reputation • Lawsuits – resulting in court fees • Increased insurance premiums • Lowered employee morale / absenteeism • Need for retraining