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Essential Question. How do values shape art and government? Art comparisons between Classical Rome, Western Europe and the Byzantine empires. A brief introduction to Justinian’s Byzantine Empire and the New Rome. Classical Roman Art. Realism 3D Movement Idealism

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Essential Question. How do values shape art and government?

Art comparisons between Classical Rome, Western Europe and the Byzantine empires.

A brief introduction to Justinian’s Byzantine Empire and the New Rome


Classical roman art
Classical Roman Art

  • Realism 3D

  • Movement

  • Idealism

  • Wide variety of subject mater


Use of Art during the Middle Ages (Western Europe)

Showed daily life

Religious and hieratical

Taught religious themes


The most important figure is placed either farthest top or center. Proportion was not a value in art medieval art.

Middle Age art was Hierarchal.

Notice the King Charles of France 1350’s being crowned by the Pope and Bishops.


Middle Age Art and lack of Proportion or center. Proportion was not a value in art medieval art.

Medieval art lacked proportion. Usually represented only in two dimensional space

Renaissance art was proportional and introduced the appearance of three dimensional space


Byzantine empire and justinian the new rome
Byzantine Empire and Justinian The New Rome or center. Proportion was not a value in art medieval art.

  • Emperor Justinian and Empress Theodora restores Constantinople and expands the empire.

  • His wife Theodora would co rule. This upset many as she has a reputation, well you know!!


Justinian s code
Justinian's Code or center. Proportion was not a value in art medieval art.

  • Emperor of Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire, Justinian, refinedmany of the Roman laws from the 12 Tables and collected them all into one work. The Justinian Code, completed in AD 529. These laws form the basis of all today's justice systems in the western world.


Byzantine Art or center. Proportion was not a value in art medieval art.Eastern Christian Empire

Icons usually featured a single figure. “Essence” not realism was important

  • Art usually featured single religious figures called “Icons.”

  • Byzantine art seems to radiate and glow!!! Gold, glassmosaicswere a dominant styles was in Rome


War over the icons
War over the Icons or center. Proportion was not a value in art medieval art.

  • There was a great debate and battle over the religious icons the Greek Orthodox and later Protestants viewed Icons as idol worship.

  • Many loved the Icons because they put a face with the beloved saint, bible personality etc. The Icons won

  • Protestant churches are more modest and have less religious imagery than Catholic


Hagia sophia constantinople
Hagia Sophia - Constantinople or center. Proportion was not a value in art medieval art.

Justinian’s Great Byzantine Church


Elaborately painted and mosaic arches and vaults and domes. or center. Proportion was not a value in art medieval art.


Byzantine Architecture or center. Proportion was not a value in art medieval art.

Rounded vaulted ceilings

Huge Dome Space expanded on Rome’s Domes


Why was constantinople was called the new rome
Why was Constantinople was called the “New Rome? or center. Proportion was not a value in art medieval art.

  • Byzantine Empire continued to encourage learning speaking a common language in government, religion and daily life

  • There was a strong central Government

  • Common laws Justinian’s Code throughout the Empire

  • Grand public works. Baths, theaters.

  • Massive trade


Hagia sophia constantinople1
Hagia Sophia, Constantinople or center. Proportion was not a value in art medieval art.

  • Was turned into a Mosque when Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1453


French Cathedrals or center. Proportion was not a value in art medieval art.


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