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Essential Question. Why was Cornwallis’ march to Yorktown the fatal mistake that led to overall Patriot victory? . The Revolutionary War Ends . Chapter 7 Section 3 (Pt II). A Fatal Mistake. Lord Cornwallis was greatly frustrated by his setbacks in the Carolinas

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Essential question
Essential Question

  • Why was Cornwallis’ march to Yorktown the fatal mistake that led to overall Patriot victory?

The revolutionary war ends

The Revolutionary War Ends

Chapter 7 Section 3 (Pt II)

A fatal mistake
A Fatal Mistake

  • Lord Cornwallis was greatly frustrated by his setbacks in the Carolinas

    • He had deduced that the southern rebels were being supplied from VA

      • W/o waiting for orders from commanding Gen. Henry Clinton, Cornwallis marched into VA

Trapped at yorktown
Trapped at Yorktown

  • While in VA, Cornwallis received orders to march his army to NY

    • He ignored these orders and decided to set up a base on VA’s Yorktown peninsula

      • From there Cornwallis expected to be resupplied via the Chesapeake Bay

      • Unfortunately, Cornwallis’ decision left his army isolated, vulnerable, and at risk of being trapped

Summary test question
Summary/Test Question

  • The British army who surrender effectively ended the Revolutionary War was led by whom?

    • John Burgoyne

    • Henry Clinton

    • Lord Cornwallis

    • Baron von Steuben

The battle of yorktown
The Battle of Yorktown

  • The British tried to protect themselves @ Yorktown by encircling the town w/ redoubts

    • These small, artillery-laden forts were meant to keep CA artillery at a distance

      • Once the CA arrived, though, they methodically attacked and captured each redoubt one at a time

        • Soon, CA cannon were in range to bombard Cornwallis’ positions w/i the town

Patriot victory
Patriot Victory!!

  • Cornwallis quickly realized he had no way out via a land route

    • He pinned all of his hopes on being rescued by the British fleet via Chesapeake Bay

    • However, a large French fleet of warships stationed in the Caribbean arrived in the bay first, and stopped the British fleet from saving Cornwallis’ army

      • At that point (Oct. 19, 1781), Cornwallis had no choice but to surrender his 8,000 remaining troops

      • The Rev. War, for all intents and purposes, was over!

Why the americans won
Why the Americans Won

  • Though they faced daunting obstacles, the Americans were able to win independence

    • Contributing factors to victory, some which only became apparent as the war progressed, were:

      • Patriots fought for a unified cause (life, family, liberty)

      • Patriots fought on their “home field”

        • Shorter supply lines

        • Easier communication

        • Civilian support

      • Foreign Allies (France, Spain, Dutch)

      • Strong Leadership (GW, Lafayette, Von Steuben, etc.)

    • The combination of these factors overcame the seemingly overwhelming military advantages of the British

The terms
The Terms

  • The terms of the treaty were:

    • Britain must recognize the U.S. as free and independent

    • The U.S. borders were set at the Miss. R, Canada, & Florida

    • The U.S. would receive fishing rights off Canada’s coast

    • Britain would return captured slaves

    • Both sides agreed to repay debts owed to each other*

    • Congress would recommend to the states that they either purchase or return any property seized from Loyalists*

      * Many Americans were not happy with these particular terms