Human Growth and Development Day #12 October 15, 2012 The second half of the class begins today
Agenda – Day 12 • Language Development • Children’s Book Review • Parenting and Discipline
LanguageDevelopment Cognitive development supportsand is aided by language development
Language Development • Competency develops first in language function ( uses of language) then on structure(sequence of words in sentence, grammar rules, etc.)
Chomsky All children have an innate predisposition to learn language. This is known as a Language Acquisition Deviceor LAD
Related terms • Over-extension • over-generalization of a set of words to inappropriate objects • Over-regularization • over-application of rules; same rules; all situations
Vocabulary Development Predictable sequence first nouns then verbs then adjectivesand adverbs then conjunctions, pronouns, etc.
Related concepts Private speech =Vygotsky’s idea that children review what they know and regulate their actions accordingly Through social use of language children incorporate potential learning into actual development
Ponder these What can be done to stimulate a child’s language development? What is the difference between speech and language? What cues tell you that a child’s speech and language may not be developing normally? Special ability issues?
Review of Psychosexual Stages • Freudian Stages • Oral • Oral receptive fixation • Oral aggressive fixation • Anal • Anal retentive fixation • Anal expulsive fixation • Phallic • Oedipus and Electra Conflicts
Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages • Infancy = Basic trustversusmistrust • Toddlerhood =autonomyversusshame and doubt • Preschool =initiativeversusguilt
Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development • Sensorimotor • What can be sensed and manipulated • Object permanence • Pre-operational • Learning language and basic concepts • Letters, numbers, colors • Managing egocentrism and centration • Conservation, reversibility, animism
Baumrind’s Theory of Parenting • Authoritarian parenting • “Law and Order” • “Because I said so!” • Demand obedience • often maintain distance from child
Baumrind’s parenting • Permissive Parenting • Fewdemandsyet nurturing and accepting • Tend to communicatewell with children
Baumrind’s parenting • Authoritative Parenting • Negotiation and participation • Limits set and rationally explained • often democratic • mutual respect
Other models of parenting • Traditionalespecially related to gender roles • Permissive forms • rejecting/neglecting • democratic/indulgent
SPIDER ROCK What role does this landmark play in discipline procedures? What dangersare inherent in this practice?
Complexities of Parenting Child’s temperament Size of the family Child’s age and gender Parents age Marital relationship
Discipline • What method is best? • For infants? • For toddlers? • For preschoolers? • Name some pro’s and con’s of physical (corporal) punishment
Assignment • Test #2 due 10/22 • Begin Chapter 7 - 8 Middle Childhood – Grade School Years