Agenda • Take out half a sheet of paper for Na-No quiz • Language: Telephone Numbers • Review Numbers 1-10 • Q: でんわ ばんごお は なん です か。 • A: ＿＿＿の＿_____ です。 • Chapter 4 Quiz – USE YOUR BOOKS!! • History Lecture • Edo • Culture: Ukiyo-e • Homework: • Ha-Ho Katakana in writing notebook AND writing quiz next class. • Hiroshima reading – Chapter 5 Pages 91-118
ナ-ノ カタカナ クイズ • 1. NA • 2. NU • 3. NI • 4. NO • 5. NE
ナ-ノ カタカナ クイズ • 1. NA – ナ • 2. NU – ヌ • 3. NI – ニ • 4. NO – ノ • 5. NE – ネ
Hiroshima Quiz #4 1. On page 67 identify the building that, “the dome was stripped to its steel frame as if for an autopsy.” 2. Name one obvious indication of radiation sickness. 3. On page 69, what gave Miss Sasaki the creeps? 4. What happened to the patients and investigators (of radiation sickness) at Ono Army Hospital? 5. Was it true the heat of the bomb blast burned the shadows of objects and people into the stone and concrete? 6. Why did Miss Sasaki think her fiancé would not come back to marry her? 7. Identify the reason the bomb was dropped on Hiroshima. 8. What was the temperature of the bomb at the center of the blast? 9. How thick would a shelter of concrete have to be to prevent a person from getting radiation sickness at the time of the bomb blast? 10. Describe the moral views of the Japanese, and foreigners living in Japan at the time, in relation to the American decision to drop the bomb.
Edo • bay-door • former name of Tokyo • Location of the Tokugawa Shogunate 1603 to 1868 • Largest city in the world of that time • "floating world" – idealized mythical city • (based on visual art styles of artists like Hiroshige – 36 Views of Mt. Fuji)
Tokugawa Bakufu • Kyoto remained formal capital • Edo was the true functioning capital • 1,000,000 residents by 1721 • Repeatedly destroyed by fires • Between 1600 and 1945, leveled every 25–50 years • Fire • Earthquakes • Tsunami • volcanic eruptions • war • 1868 – Renamed Tokyo; “eastern capital“ 東 – east 京 – capital • Emperor moved residence to Tokyo (Meiji Restoration)
Geography • Arranged as a town around Edo castle • area surrounding the castle consisted largely of daimyō mansions • daimyo’s families lived in Edo year-round • sankin kōtai – system in which the wives and daughters of the daimyō lived in Edo instead of their native town; ensured loyalty to the Shogun • daimyō made journeys in alternating years to Edo and home towns they controlled • samurai (noble warrior class) population defined character of Edo • Kyoto's character was dominated by the Imperial Court, the court nobles, its numerous Buddhist temples, and its traditional heritage and identity • Osaka was the country's commercial center, dominated by the commoner merchant class.
Agenda • Language: Ha-Ho quiz/number review w/ kanji • Chapter 5a Pages 91-118 Quiz – USE YOUR BOOKS!! • History Lecture • Finish Last Slide of Edo • Reading with questions • Culture: Ukiyo-e • Reading with questions and activity • Draw rough outline on a 4 ½ x 6 inch peiece of paper • Make a boarder so you know your space allotment! • Decide if you want a relief of carving! • Homework: • Ma-Mo Katakana in writing notebook AND writing quiz next class. • Hiroshima reading – Chapter 5 Pages 118 to the end.
ハからホまで カタカナ クイズ • 1. HA • 2. FU • 3. HI • 4. HO • 5. HE
ハからホまで カタカナ クイズ • 1. HA – ハ • 2. FU – フ • 3. HI – ヒ • 4. HO – ホ • 5. HE – ヘ
Hiroshima Quiz #5a pg. 91-118 1. Define “hibakusha.” 2. To Nakamura-san, the bombing almost seemed like a what? (since it could not be helped) 3. How many years did it take, after the bombing, before the Japanese government set up special conditions for bomb victims? Pg. 97 4. Identify the name of the shrine in Tokyo, estabalished in 1869, for the, “spirits of all the Japanese who had died in wars against foreign powers.” Pg. 99 5. By 1950 the incidence of________________ in hibakusha was much higher than normal. Pg. 104 6. In 1972 Dr. Sasaki faced the third crisis of his life, what was it? 7. Later in life, what was Dr. Sasaki’s one main bitter regret following the bombing? Pg. 109 8. Who was Father Makoto Takakura and what was significant about this name?
Outer Regions • Northeastern corner of the city • dangerous direction in traditional thought • guarded from evil spirits by a series of temples • Beyond temples are the districts of the outcastes • North of this area were the pleasure districts; previously located within but were rebuilt in this more distant location after the Meireki Fire of 1657.
Edo Reading - 20 pointsTurn in to basket when finished, you have 15 minutes. • Who succeeded Hideyoshi to begin the Edo Period? • What city is Edo today? • What was required of the Daimyo on a regular basis? • What purpose did this serve? • With what countries was trade promoted? • How did Ieyasu perceive Christianity? • How did this peaceful period influence the samurai? • Other than promoting trade with the above countries, what was the policy on foreign travel? • Identify the era in which popular culture flourished. • Name two of these art forms. • What ideas influenced government and society? • Who where the eta? • Near the end of the 18th century, what outside entities began to have a negative influence on the governmental structure of Japan? • Who eventually forced the Tokugawa government to open several ports for international trade? • In 1868 true political power was restored to which Emporer?
Culture LessonUkiyo-e • Utamaro • Sensual/Pleasure districts/Beautiful Women • Hokusai • 36 Views of Mt. Fuji • Hiroshige • 53 Stages of the Tokkaido
Utamaro Woman Wiping Sweat
Hiroshige Drum Bridge Meguro 100 Famous Views of Edo
Hiroshige People on a Bridge Surprised by Rain 100 Famous Views of Edo
Hiroshige 53 Stations of the Tokaido
Hiroshige/V. Van Gogh (influence on western art; esp. Impressionism)
Ukiyo-e Reading Questions36 Points • Define Ukiyo • What were the three popular subjects for Ukiyo-e? • If a print has 5 colors, how many block carvings would be required to make the print? • The urbanization of Edo led to an increase in what? • Why was it difficult to regulate “pleasure houses” in Edo?
6. It was during the Edo period that the floating world came to be associated with the constantly _________________________________________ 7. From what culture did this artwork series come from? 8. In landscape paintings, artists often incorporated Western ____________________________. 9.Hokusai was famous for painting what iconic image of Japan? (name the pictue) 10. How much would one of these prints have cost? 11. Unacknowledge in almost all cases are the individuals who ___________________________.
12. The black lines found in Ukiyo-e are a result of what? 13. How could this help the printers in case of alignment errors? 14. By the end of the 18th century printing had reached a level of _________________. 15. What were most wood blocks made out of? 16. Ukiyo-e prints are high susceptible to what? 17. Name the type of dye used in The Great Wave off Kanagawa. 18. These prints sometimes appear in the backgrounds of what western artists work?
Culture: Ukiyo-e • Reading with questions and activity • Draw rough outline on a 4 ½ x 6 inch peiece of paper • Make a boarder so you know your space allotment! • Decide if you want a relief of carving!