Biochem Plants Genetics Ecology and Evolution $200 $200 $200 $200 $400 $400 $400 $400 $600 $600 $600 $600 $800 $800 $800 $800 $1000 $1000 $1000 $1000
biochem plants2 genetics3 Ecology and evolution 4 $200 $200 $200 $200 $400 $400 $400 $400 $600 $600 $600 $600 $800 $800 $800 $800 $1000 $1000 $1000 $1000
Biochem$200 • What purine forms a triple bond in DNA?
Biochem $400 • What are the 3 major components of ATP?
Biochem$600 • In what 2 macromolecules do you find nitrogen to most prevalent? Name in order of most abundant!
Biochem$800 • What is the Central Dogma of all of biology? Name all components and label the arrows too!
Biochem$1000 • Name the bonds that result from the dehydration synthesis of triglycerides, glucose molecules and amino acids and what is the opposite reaction to break them apart.
Biochem$200-Answer • Adenine
Biochem$400-Answer • Adenine, Ribose sugar and 3 Phosphates
Biochem$600-Answer • Proteins and Nucleic Acids
Biochem$800-Answer • DNA to mRNA (transcription) to Proteins (Translation via tRNA)
Biochem$1000-Answer • Ester linkage (triglycerides), glycosidic linkages (sugars) peptide bonds (amino acids), hydrolysis
Plants $200 • Name 3 characteristics of Monocots vs. Dicots
Plants $400 Which tissue type do you find in celery stems and which do you find in wood stems? Daily Double
Plants $600 • What specific tissue type in a plant is constantly growing and dividing?
Plants $800 • Name 1 difference between CAM plants and C4 plants and give an example of each.
Plants $1000 • Name 3 ways that plants can reproduce asexually.
Plants $200-Answer • Monocots – parallel veins, scattered vascular bundles in stems, bundles in a circle in roots, flowers in multiples of 3, fibrous root system. • Dicots – netted veins, bundles in ring in stem and stele in root, flowers in 4 or 5, tap roots
Plants $400-Answer • Collenchyma, sclerenchyma
Plants $600-Answer • Meristematic tissue
Plants $800-Answer • CAM – close stomates during day and take in CO2 at night. Pineapple, succulents, cacti • C4 plants – shunt CO2 into bundle sheath cells and fix into acids and close stomates. Sugar cane, corn, some grasses
Plants $1000-Answer • Runners, rhizomes, fragmentation, apomixis (seed production without pollination or fertilization), budding (eyes – axillary budding)
Genetics $200 • What is one possible advantage of having more than one codon for an amino acid? What is that called?
Genetics $400 • What are introns and whe machinery cuts out introns?
Genetics $600 • What kind of genetics do labrador retrievers exhibit and what is the genotype of a chocolate lab?
Genetics $800 • Explain how you get an engineered plasmid into a bacterial cell (2 ways) and why you have to do each of these methods.
Genetics $1000 • Identify the genetics of each in order: • Blood types, pink flowers, roan cattle and AB blood type, skin color and sickle cell anemia
Genetics $200-Answer • This is the redundancy in the genetic code and it allows for mutations that will be silent – gives some room for error.
Genetics $400-Answer • Intervening sequences of DNA that are not coding sequences and they are cut out in spliceosomes
Genetics $600-Answer • Epigenetics • bbE_
Genetics $800-Answer • CaCl2 – transformation solution to coat the negative DNA and the negative phosphate heads with a positive charge to make them neutral • Heat shock – to open pores in cell wall and then freeze to close them
Genetics $1000-Answer • Multiple alleles, incomplete dominance, co-dominance, polygenetics, pleiotropy
Ecology and Evolution $200 • List the hierarchy of life starting with atoms and ending with biosphere…in order!!
Ecology and Evolution $400 • Explain what spring and fall turnover are, why it is important and why it occurs.
Ecology and Evolution $600 • What early technique was used to identify the genetic relatedness of red wolves and what technique is used today?
Ecology and Evolution $800 • Why do chemicals biomagnify in organisms and why are they found in the highest concentration at the top of the food chains?
Ecology and Evolution $1000 • What are they finding out about the genetics of wolves? How might this affect their evolution and what kind of selection pattern is this?
Ecology and Evolution $200-Answer • Atoms > molecules>organelles>cells> tissues>organs>organ systems>organism>population>community>ecosystem>biosphere
Ecology and Evolution $400-Answer • It is when the water becomes more dense and the surface and it turns over the whole lake or pond bringing oxygen and nutrients back to the surface. It happens because water is densest at 4 oC and less dense at 0oC and warmer.
Ecology and Evolution $600-Answer • Looking at the skull features, DNA fingerprinting of their scat
Ecology and Evolution $800-Answer • Because they don’t biodegrade and they stick to lipids and they are passed on in greater concentrations as they are eaten in greater quantities as you progress up the food chain.
Ecology and Evolution $1000-Answer • That wolves that are black are living twice as long…a possible heterozygote advantage. This could select for darker fur color – this is called directional selection.
Final Jeopardy • Human systems
Final Jeopardy • What hormone is responsible for regulating water reabsorbtion, where is it produced and where does it travel to (be specific) ? You have 1 minute to consult…
Final Jeopardy • What hormone is responsible for regulating water reabsorbtion, where is it produced and where does it travel to (be specific) ? You have 30 seconds to consult…
Final Jeopardy • What hormone is responsible for regulating water reabsorbtion, where is it produced and where does it travel to (be specific) ? You have 15 seconds to consult…
Final Jeopardy • What hormone is responsible for regulating water reabsorbtion, where is it produced and where does it travel to (be specific) ? Time Is Up
Final Jeopardy - Answer • ADH, produced in the posterior pituitary and travels to the collecting duct of the nephron
Jeopardy • Thank you for playing another fine round of America’s favorite question and answer game.