Pre-Columbian I II Early Explorers Spanish Conquest English Conquest 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500
These “Indians” were wiped out byColumbus and his successors in theNew World.
These “Indians” once ruled overCity-States in Guatemala, andthroughout much of Central America.
These two Indiana Jones movieshave scenes concerning archeologyadventures at mythical Pre-Columbian sites
Their great civilization was centeredin Tenochtitlan in the middle ofLake Texcoco in Mexico.
Their great civilization in South America thrived in the Andes Mountains region.
The last great leader of the Aztecs prior to their demise at the handsof the Conquistadores.
The great Incan city of Machu Picchuwas located 7,000 feet above level in what is now this South American country.
This great ancient civilizationhad no known written language,communicated effectively onan extensive system of roadsusing coded “knot” messageson ropes carried by long distancerunners.
This great ancient civilizationhad the symbols of the cactus, eagle,and a snake in their legends…which are now the symbols ofthe Mexican flag.
These two Meso-Americancivilizations built temples forastronomical and astrologicalstudy…as well as for ritualhuman sacrifices.
In 1492 he “sailed the ocean blue”…thinking he would arrive in the“Indies” of Asia.
His voyage to the New World wasshown in his maps, widely circulatedin Europe bearing his name…and probably influencing thenames of two “new” continents.
His crew successfully circumnavigated the world, but he did not survive a battle withnatives in the Philippine Islands.
This French explorer was in the Great Lakes region, and battled with Iroquois warriors duringfirst contact. A lake dividingNew York and Vermont was namedin his honor.
This explorer sailed for the Dutchand the English looking for a“northwest passage”. He has a rivernamed after him, but he perished at the hands of his mutinous crewon an ill fated trip in another large body of water named after him
Fearing this conquistador was actually a returning god namedQuetzalcoatl, this horse riding,armored, blunderbuss firingstranger was allowed by theAztecs to enter their capital city.
This conquistador arrived at exactlythe right time to defeat Athualpa and his Incan Empire, as they were divided in a civil war.
The Conquistador Balboa is believed to be the firstEuropean to ever see this traveling East to West.
This Native American uprising in 1580 in theold “southwest” was brutallyavenged by Spanish authorities.
The Treaty of Tordesilles in 1494,by Papal decree, divided the new lands across the Atlantic Oceanbetween the empires of Spain andher great maritime rival…
Jamestown survived “starving time”with the help of local NativeAmerican Chief Powhatan and his teenage daughter…
The Pilgrims overcame their struggles to adapt to New Worldfarming with the help of thisNative American friend
These New England wars resulted in the annihilation and/or enslavementof the Native Americans who oncehad traded peacefully with thePilgrims.
These two colonies were established on the principle of religious tolerance.
This rebellion in 1675 resulted in a great shift from indentured servitudeto an increased use of African chattel slavery in Virginia and the SouthernColonies.