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Everything you wanted to know about APA…. And were afraid to ask. RefWorks. www.stfx.ca. authors Becker, L.J., & Seligman, C. article title (1981). Welcome to the journal title in italics energy crisis. Journal of volume in italics (issue) pages Social Issues, 37 (2), 1-7.

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everything you wanted to know about apa

Everything you wanted to know about APA….

And were afraid to ask.

The Writing Centre  StFX University 

refworks
RefWorks

www.stfx.ca

The Writing Centre  StFX University 

slide4
authors

Becker, L.J., & Seligman, C.

article title

(1981). Welcome to the

journal title in italics

energy crisis. Journal of

volume in italics (issue) pages

Social Issues, 37(2), 1-7.

The Writing Centre  StFX University 

slide5
Connell, D. (1997). Participatory development: An approach sensitive to class and gender. Development Practice, 7(3), 248- 259.

Borman, W.C., Hanson, M. A., Oppler, S. H., Pulakos, E. D., & White, L. A. (1993). Role of early supervisory experience in supervisor performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 443-449. Retrieved October 23, 2000, from PsychARTICLES database.

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slide8
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Header Footer

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slide11
1

Title Page

Abstract

Introduction

Method

Participants

Apparatus

Design and Procedure

Results

Discussion

References

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psychology department web site

Psychology Department Web site

http://www.stfx.ca/academic/psychology/

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numbers and variables
Numbers and Variables
  • A,B,C’sA,B,Cs or ABCs
  • X’s and O’s Xs and Os
  • In the 1990’s, In the 1990s

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numbers
Numbers
  • Each of the nine participants was …….
  • Each of the 40 participants was…..
  • Forty participants were…….

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numbers20
Numbers

Grouped for comparison:

  • 3 of 21 analyses
  • 2 of the 20 responses

but

  • 15 traits on each of four checklists (traits and checklists are not being compared)

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numbers21
Numbers

Representing mathematical functions:

  • 3 times as many
  • more than 5% of the sample

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numbers22
Numbers

Representing time, dates, ages, sample, or population size:

  • 2-year-olds
  • In about 3 years . . .
  • 2 weeks ago
  • 3 participants (but seven observers)

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numbers23
Numbers

Back-to-back modifiers:

  • 2 two-way interactions
  • Ten 7-point scales
  • Twenty 6-year-olds

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gender bias
Gender Bias

When an individual conducts this kind of self-appraisal, heis a much stronger person

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pronoun agreement
Pronoun Agreement

The researcher is instrumental . . . they . . .

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neutral expressions
Strokevictim

Population suffering from multiple sclerosis

Individual who had a stroke

People who have multiple sclerosis

APA, 2001, p.76

Neutral Expressions

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neutral forms of description
Neutral Forms of Description

A person with ______

A person living with _______

A person who has _______

(APA, 2001, p.69).

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apa resources
APA Resources

http://library.csus.edu/guides/rogenmoserd/general/style.html

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one author
One Author

One recent study showed another link between stress and peer pressure, which …..(Henke, 2004).

Henke(2004) showed another link between stress and peer pressure, which ……..

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two authors always use both names
Two Authors – always use both names

The ethical implications are ……… (Majumder & Pencer, 2002).

Majumder and Pencer (2002) discussed ……....

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3 4 or 5 authors first citation
3,4,or 5 AuthorsFirst Citation

They proved that ….. (Henke, Lomore, & Edwards, 2004).

Henke, Lomore, and Edwards (2004) proved that…...

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3 4 or 5 authors subsequent citations
3,4, or 5 Authors – Subsequent Citations

Shorten to first surname et al.

The research proved that….(Henke et al., 2004).

Henke et al. (2002) discovered that…….

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six automatically use first surname et al
Six+ Automatically use first surname et al.

They clarified their results by….

(MacLean et al., 2005).

MacLean et al. (2005) clarified the

results by………..

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secondary sources
Secondary Sources

You have found an interesting study done by someone else cited in the book you are reading:

Stern (1975, as cited in Bigelow, 2002) described ……..

The researcher described….. (Stern, 1975, as cited in Bigelow, 2002).

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the writing centre
Come and see us.

Call for an appointment.

The Writing Centre

867-5221

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