carlos lorenzana per 4 n.
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Russia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Russia
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  1. Carlos Lorenzana Per. 4 Russia

  2. History of Russia • Tsars and Serfdom • Russian Revolution • Russian Civil War • WWII • Cold War • Dissolution of the Soviet Union • Russia as a Democratic State

  3. Facts about Russia • Capital- Moscow • Population-143 million • Largest country in the world • Currency- Ruble • Religion- Russian Orthodox • Economy based on natural resources, especially oil and natural gas, agriculture, alcohol -North Atlantic Trade Organization -World Trade Organization

  4. Russia’s Government Today • President is Head of State • Head of Executive Branch (shared), names officials, oversees all ministries and foreign affairs • Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation (Prime Minister) • Head of Executive Branch (shared), national representative, aid to President, helps to determines economic and social policy • State Duma • “House of Representatives” • Federation Council • “Senate”

  5. President and “Prime Minister” • President • Popular vote • 6 year term (was 4 before 2007) – 2 term max • 35 years old, citizen for 10 years • Dmitry Medvedev • “Prime Minister” • Appointed by President and confirmed by State Duma • Vladimir Putin

  6. State Duma and Federation Council • The “House of Representatives” of Russia • 450 seats • Party-list proportional representations (previously, it was half elected using party-list and the other using single-member districts, where the most popular candidates get elected in their respective districts ) • Considered lower house of Parliament • The “Senate” of Russia • 178 seats, with 2 representatives for each region/territory (89 regions in total) • No fixed term, replaced and elected by governors of regional legislature

  7. Judicial Branch • Federal Judges • Nominated by President and confirmed by Federation Council (sound familiar?) • Civil/criminal cases • Lower Courts • Appointed by Ministry of Justice • Constitutional Court • Declares disputes between branches/levels of government and matters of the Constitution

  8. Cabinet and Ministries • 7 (was 5) Prime and Deputy Prime Ministers • Report to Prime Ministries, who report to Pres. • Ministries • 18 Ministries overlooking specific areas in the government • Department of Energy in U.S.

  9. Politicians and the People in Politics • Recruitment of Officials • Not formal, many come from different backgrounds • Citizen Participation • Voting and little else • Legitimacy • Many like and dislike the new government • Many don’t like politicians, and many regret the break up of the Soviet Union, but are apathetic • Media • Equal access to media for political groups/ parties

  10. Events that shaped Russia’s Gov • Russian Revolution (1917) • Bolsheviks overtook tsarist regime and created Communist state • Russian Civil War (1917-1921) • Reinforced Communist state by defeating opposite parties, and united with other socialist states to create Soviet Union • Dissolution of the Soviet Union (1991-1993) • Creation of Russia, and democratic government

  11. Key Political Figures • Vladimir Lenin (1917-1924) • Creator of the Bolshevik party and first leader of communist Russia • Joseph Stalin (1924-1953) • Leader after Lenin, Russia became very powerful but weakened the economy • Mikhail Gorbachev (1989-1993) • First politician in Russia to start economic and social reform, which lead to dissolution of USSR/ Soviet Union

  12. Constitution • Written in 1993 • Large dispute between Yeltsin (former Pres.) and Parliament • After a referendum and a coup, the Constitution was barely passed • -Federal semi-presidential republic • “Superpresidential system”

  13. Political Parties and Interest Groups • United Russia • Most popular • Conservative and centric • Communist Party of Russia • Marxist/Communist ideals • Motherland (A Just Russia) • Socialism and capitalism • Liberal Democratic Party of Russia • Nationalism • Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs • Committee of Soldiers’ Mothers • Federation of Independent Trade Unions of Russia

  14. Economy • Mix of market and command economy • Gov. owns large companies, but allows private business • Developed and Industrialized • Fairly high GDP • Stable due to oil, natural gas, lumber, agriculture, tourism

  15. Ethnic Cleavages and Public Policy • Chechnya • A republic of Russia who has tried to gain independence through war, but was back under control during second war • Focus on: • Production of oil/gas • New energy policies • Pollution problems • Problems: • Poor healthcare • High crime • Unemployment • Low domestic and foreign investment

  16. Bibliography • Zalman, A. (n.d.). Russia, chechnya and terrorism. Retrieved from http://terrorism.about.com/od/originshist ory/tp/Russia-- Chechnya--Terrorism.htm • Centra Intelligence Agency, (n.d.). Russia Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/rs.html • Russian revolution (1917). (n.d.). Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russian_Revolution_(1917) • Almond, G, Dalton, R, Powell, G, & Strom, K. (2007). Comparative politics today: a world view. New York: Pearson. • Russia. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/russia.htm