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China’s Geography. FLEXI-D Group 1. Location of China. Exact Location: 20° - 53° N and 73° - 135° E Relative Location: North: Mongolia, Russia East: Korea, Korea Bay, Sea of Japan, Yellow Sea, and East China Sea

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china s geography

China’s Geography


Group 1

location of china
Location of China

Exact Location:

20° - 53° N and 73° - 135° E

Relative Location:

  • North:Mongolia, Russia
  • East:Korea, Korea Bay, Sea of Japan, Yellow Sea, and East China Sea
  • South:South China Sea, Philippines, Taiwan, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh
  • West:Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Afghanistan
  • China has a varied topography:

- Large plains

- Basins surrounded by mountains

- Mountains

( 2/3 of China is composed of mountains)

- A vast plateau

- Rolling land

- Mountain ranges

geographical divisions
Geographical Divisions
  • China is divided into four groups:





climates in the different regions
Climates in the different regions
  • Northeast: Dry winter climate
  • Southeast: Warm-moderate climate
  • Southwest: Snow/Dry climate
  • Northwest: Dry climate with very hot summers and very cold winters
  • ‘Heartland of the Chinese civilization’
  • Agriculture field:




  • Northernmost is Manchuria
  • South is Beijing, the capital of China
  • Plenty of forests
  • Rice is cultivated
  • Qinling-Shan separates Northeast China from Southeast China
  • Tarim Basin which is separated by mountains:

- Tian Shan in the north

- Kunlun Shan in the south

- Pamir and Karakorum in the west

- Gobi desert in the east

  • East is Inner Mongolia
southwest or qinghai tibetan
Southwest or Qinghai-Tibetan
  • Tibet “Roof of the World”
  • South of Tibet are the Himalaya Mountains
  • Capital of Tibet- Lhasa
  • People prefer to live in southern Tibet, where there are many steppes.
  • Barley is cultivated
primary natural resources1
Primary Natural Resources
  • Water

- China has the world’s greatest potential for hydroelectric power

- Yellow and Yangzi Rivers providing much of the potential

*Development to China:

  • Natural resource of water not only for drinking, also for electricity
  • Large population would need electricity and abudance in water for drinking
primary natural resources2
Primary Natural Resources
  • Land/Agriculture

- China ranks first in farm output, primarily producing rice, wheat, potatoes, etc.

- Only 15% of total land area can be cultivated

- Arable land represents 10% of total arable land in the world, supports over 20% of the world’s population

*Development to China:

  • Employs over 300 million farmers
  • Able to feed very big population
yangtze long river
Yangtze (Long River)
  • 3rd longest river in the world ( about 4000 mi)
  • Floods each year leaving fertile soil along the banks
  • High banks- keeps homes safe from the flooding
  • Irrigates the people’s crops
huang he yellow river
Huang He (Yellow River)
  • 3000 mi long
  • Where civilization began 5000 years ago
  • Starts from the Himalayas then goes to the Yellow Sea
  • Homes near the river were destroyed due to the flooding
  • People eventually learned flood control and used the water in their favor
  • Irrigate crops, drinking water, fishing, etc.
taklamakan desert
Taklamakan Desert
  • “Sea of Death”
  • 2nd Largest in the world
  • Takla Makan means “go in and never come out”
  • Ruined cities can be found in the desert

*The deserts somehow taught the people to be conservative of their water

gobi desert
Gobi Desert
  • 1 of the driest deserts in the world
  • 4th largest in the world
  • Covers northern parts of China
  • The Himalayan mountains block the rain clouds from reaching the Gobi
tourist attractions1
Tourist Attractions
  • Forbidden City

- ‘Imperial City’ during the Mongol Yuan Dynasty.

- Declared a World Heritage Site in 1987 by UNESCO

  • Great Wall of China

- Originally built to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire

- 8,851.8 km or 5,500.3 mi

tourist attractions2
Tourist Attractions
  • Jade Buddha Temple

- In 1882, a temple was build to keep two jade Buddha statues which have been brought from Burma by a monk named Huigen

- The temple was destroyed, but the Buddhas were saved and a new temple was built in 1928

- Sitting Buddha and the Recumbent Buddha

- Old-time and classical architectural style makes it unique

tourist attractions3
Tourist Attractions
  • Giant Buddha

- A giant bronze Buddha

- 111 feet tall or 34 meters high

- Largest seated Buddha in the world

- Can be found at Lantau Island in Hong Kong

  • Macau Tower

- One of the biggest towers in the world

- Standing at 338 meters high

- Here you can bungee jump, or climb to the top of the tower

uniqueness of china s geography
Uniqueness of China’s geography
  • The shape of China look like a CHICKEN
uniqueness of china s geography1
Uniqueness of China’s geography
  • China’s climate is very diverse

- Dry winter climate to the northeast

- Warm-moderated climate to the southeast

- Snow/Dry climate to the southwest

- Hot summers and Cold winters to the northwest

  • Chinese Influences ( SS book)