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Chapter 6; Section 4. Other Battlefronts. Fighting on the Frontier. In the west settlers clashed with Native Americans , whose land they were invading. Native Americans choose sides. When the Revolutionary War began most Native Americans tried to remain neutral

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chapter 6 section 4

Chapter 6; Section 4

Other Battlefronts

fighting on the frontier
Fighting on the Frontier
  • In the west settlers clashed with Native Americans , whose land they were invading.
native americans choose sides
Native Americans choose sides
  • When the Revolutionary War began most Native Americans tried to remain neutral
  • As war spread some Native American tribes did take sides.
  • In the West, many Indians joined the British to protect their lands from American settlers
victory at vincennes
Victory at Vincennes
  • George Rogers Clark led Virginia fighters against the British in the Ohio Valley with help from the Miami Indians
  • They captured forts Kaskaskia and Cahokia
  • Clark plotted a surprise winter attack on the British at fort Vincennes
  • When they reached the fort they spread out to make their numbersappear greater
  • The British commander was fooled by the strategy and surrendered
a victory at sea
A Victory at Sea
  • Americans could do little against the powerful British navy
  • British ships blockaded American ports
a victory at sea1
A Victory at Sea
  • John Paul Jones: the most daring American captain
  • Jones commanded the Bohomme Richard in the battle against the British warship Serapis
  • Canons caught the Bonhomme on fire so Jones and his crew boarded the enemy ship Serapis and fought hand to hand combat.
  • Americans defeated the British’s warship.
african americans in the battle for freedom
African Americans in the battle for Freedom
  • At first the Continental Congress refused to let African Americans free or enslaved, join the army
  • The British offered freedom to any male slave who served the king
  • In response Washington changed his mind and let African Americans enlist
comrades in arms
Comrades in arms
  • About 5,000 African Americans fought against the British
  • Some formed special regiments others served as drummers, fifers, spies, and guides and sailors
all men are created equal
“All men are created equal”
  • Black patriots hoped that the Revolution would bring an end to slavery
  • The Declaration stated that “all men are created equal”
  • African American sent petitions to lawmakers asking for freedom
  • Some white leaders like James Otis, hoped the war would end slavery
all men are created equal1
“All men are created equal”
  • By the 1770’s slavery was declining in the North
  • During the Revolution some states like Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania moved to outlaw slavery.
  • Other states debated the issue.
women in the war
Women in the War
  • Women also helped in the struggle for independence
  • When men went to war women took on added work
    • Planted and harvested crops to feed the continental army
    • Made guns and other weapons
    • Made shoes and wove cloth for blankets and uniforms
    • Many joined their soldier husbands at the front washing clothes, cooking and cared for the wounded (Martha Washington)
    • A few took part in battle