Evolution of Numerals. By Evan Evans. Some ancient numbers. Ancient numbers. Limits of Four. Visual Limits. Humans have a visual distinguish “limit of four”. Different societies came up with ways to deal with this “limit of four”. Egyptian 3 rd Century BC. Cretan 1700-1200BC.
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By Evan Evans
The Elema of New Guinea
Here is a figure to show you what some people have used
I 20 XX
2 II 25 XXV
3 III 29 XIX
4 IV (IIII) 50 L
5 V 75 LXXV
6 VI 100 C
10 X 500 D
11 XI 1000 M
Now try these:
“My Day Is Closed In Immortality”
M D I C I I
M D C I I I
Strong Arab Influence
In the West
The Arabic numbers format are based traces with angles:Number one (1) has one angle.Number two (2) has two additives angles.Number three (3) has three additives angles.Number four (4) has four additive angles.The number four get closed due to cursive hand write
The circle is the symbol of the hand closed, which has five fingers.
The number five was written under the write line.
Joe has cows at home
The number ten (the 2nd hand) was written (placed) on the top of write line.
Theoretically, the circle on the top of the write line acquires double value (ten value).
Pigs at home
5 5 + 1 5 + 1 + 1
The numbers evolved differently in Persia
The numerals from al-Sizji's treatise of 969
In only 120 years the numbers had changed
The numerals from al-Biruni's treatise copied in 1082
Eastern Arabic-Indic(Persian and Urdu) ۰ ۱ ۲ ۳ ۴ ۵ ۶ ۷ ۸ ۹