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Sharing the Road. Chapter 13. 13-1 Pedestrians. A pedestrian is a person who uses or crosses the roadway on foot or by means of a self propelled device other than a bicycle Running, walking, jogging, skating, wheelchairs, crutches

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13 1 pedestrians
13-1 Pedestrians
  • A pedestrian is a person who uses or crosses the roadway on foot or by means of a self propelled device other than a bicycle
  • Running, walking, jogging, skating, wheelchairs, crutches
  • Encounter on city streets, school areas, shopping areas, & residential areas
driver responsibilities to pedestrians
Driver Responsibilities to Pedestrians
  • Drivers must give right-of-way to any pedestrian crossing the street at an intersection, using a crosswalk, or using the sidewalk when crossing an entrance to a driveway or alley
  • Must give right-of-way to blind people
  • Give right-of-way to any pedestrian since you are protected and they are not
  • Most vehicle/pedestrian collisions happen at intersections
    • Either the pedestrian crosses illegally or drivers running red lights
    • Vision is blocked behind bigger vehicles
    • Pedestrians step in front of vehicles – not paying attention
  • What you can do:
    • Stop at the stop line or crosswalk
      • If none, pretend
pedestrian responsibilities to driver
Pedestrian Responsibilities to Driver
  • Pedestrians have a much better view of the road than drivers, fewer distractions, and can stop or change direction quicker than a vehicle
  • Use common sense and remember you are vulnerable
  • Wait for gaps in cross traffic – do not assume they are going to stop for you
    • The more time the driver has to see you, the better prepared they will be to slow down
    • Less distance to cover
jaywalking
Jaywalking
  • Crossing the street without regard for traffic rules or signals
  • Most dangerous form – crossing at a place other than an intersection or crosswalk
  • Laws prohibit jaywalking
  • Things to indicate someone may jaywalk:
    • Long blocks
    • Bad weather
    • People being late
    • Unsupervised children
    • The more people around, the higher the risk
13 2 bicycles
13-2 Bicycles
  • Commonly found in residential areas, in certain business districts, school areas, scenic roads, park areas
  • Used for both recreation and transportation for all ages – don’t need a license
  • Bicyclists are vulnerable because they ride next to vehicles
  • Pay extra attention to them and aid in their safety
driver responsibilities to bicyclists
Driver Responsibilities to Bicyclists
  • Expect sudden moves
    • hazards can force bicyclists to swerve suddenly
  • In residential areas, bicyclists will ride in the middle of the street and disregard signs
  • Be alert for children
  • Don’t pass if the street is too narrow for you to pass safely
  • Create a wide space when passing, especially at high speeds
  • Use your horn if needed
  • Always check blind spots when turning or changing lanes
bicyclist responsibilities to drivers
Bicyclist Responsibilities to Drivers
  • Must signal all turns with hand signals, stop at all intersections, ride on the right-hand side of the street or in a designated lane instead of the sidewalk
  • Wear proper safety equipment
  • Make sure your bike is working properly
  • Avoid:
    • Driving against the flow of traffic
    • Going too fast for hills
    • Ignoring signs and signals
    • Riding in the middle of the street
    • Disregarding right-of-way
      • Can be ticketed for all of these – even as a rider
13 3 motorcycles
13-3 Motorcycles
  • Motorcycle
    • Any two- or three- wheeled motor vehicle having a seat for riders and weighing less than 1500 pounds with at least a 15 horsepower engine
    • More powerful than automobiles
      • High speed and acceleration
    • More maneuverable
  • Motorcyclists
    • Directly exposed to the elements
    • Hearing is reduced
    • Rocks and dirt kicked up
    • Virtually no protection
    • One of the most dangerous forms of transportation
driver responsibilities to motorcycles
Driver Responsibilities to Motorcycles
  • Failure to spot motorcycles is the primary cause of crashes involving motorcycles
    • Smaller than vehicles
    • Train yourself to look for them while you drive
  • Double check your estimates
    • Easy to misjudge due to their small size
    • Motorcycles also can’t see you
      • Mirrors are small, so assume that the rider can’t see you
  • Riders need all the space within their lane to make moves if needed
    • Potholes don’t bother us as drivers, but can affect a rider tremendously
    • Increase your following distance and space cushion
  • When being passed, maintain your lane position
    • Let the motorcycle pass
  • When passing, be cautious, especially if there is a passenger
    • Any wrong move by the passenger can affect the motorcycle
motorcyclists responsibilities to drivers
Motorcyclists Responsibilities to Drivers
  • Keep your motorcycle in proper working condition
  • Wear proper safety equipment
    • Glasses or goggles, helmet, leather boots, abrasion resistant clothing, rain suit, bright clothing
  • Ride to the side of a lane, not in the middle
    • Left side of the lane is the best because if gives you the best view of traffic ahead
    • Makes you more visible to other drivers
  • Don’t follow too closely
    • The closer you are, the less time you have to react
  • Don’t ride in blind spots, weave in and out of traffic, “split lanes”-riding between lanes of slow or stopped traffic (legal in some places)
  • Slow down and reduce speed at intersections, driveways, parking spaces, and other dangerous spots for motorcycles
mopeds motorized cycles
Mopeds & Motorized Cycles
  • Moped
    • Any two- or three- wheeled device with pedals that has an automatic transmission
    • A motor less than 2 horsepower
    • Cannot exceed 30 mph
    • Riders should ride them on the right side of the road
    • Avoid riding on higways
13 4 trucks buses
13-4 Trucks & Buses
  • Commercial Trucks, often called “semis” are easy to see, but the most dangerous
  • Bigger vehicle –
    • slower acceleration
    • larger blind spot
    • more room needed to maneuver
    • longer it takes to stop
  • Driver of the car is almost always the one killed in a fatal crash involving both types of vehicles
no zones
“No Zones”
  • Large blind spots of trucks are called “no zones”
  • In addition to blind spots on either side of the cab, there is a 200 feet deep blind spot behind the truck
    • Driver can’t see you, you can’t see them
  • There is another blind spot 20 feet in front of the bumper
    • Cars could move into this area and be completely unnoticed by the driver
driving behind trucks
Driving Behind Trucks
  • Increase your following distance
    • Rule – if you can see their side mirrors, they can see you
  • Compensate for the trucks loss of speed when going uphill
  • Allow more room for the truck to maneuver at a stop
    • Rocking backward before forward
passing trucks
Passing Trucks
  • Know how long the truck is
  • Type of terrain
    • Upgrade, downgrade
  • Don’t cut right back in front of the truck you are passing
    • Wait until you can see the cab of the truck in your rearview mirror before pulling back
  • Compensate for the “wind effect”
  • Try not to pass 2 trucks at one time
merging trucks

Oncoming Trucks

  • Biggest cause for collisions is the inability of motorists to accurately determine the speed of approaching vehicles before making a left turn
  • When in doubt, wait!
  • Large trucks use air brakes
    • Take longer to stop than hydraulic brakes
    • If you guess wrong when passing, the truck can’t stop
    • Takes more than 100 yards to stop for an average truck going 55 mph
Merging Trucks
  • Trucks need extra time to adjust to high speed traffic
  • Slow down and move to another lane to allow the truck to safely enter the roadway
off tracking
Off-Tracking
  • Occurs when a truck driver swings wide on a turn
  • Greater on right turns than left because the turns are sharper and the turn radius of the rear of the truck is less
  • If you are approaching an intersection and see a truck wanting to make a turn:
    • Reduce your speed
    • Stay far enough back from the intersection so that the truck can maneuver efficiently
    • If you are already at the intersection and there is enough room to back up, do it
commercial buses
Commercial Buses
  • Buses present many of the same problems as trucks
    • Long, heavy, and difficult to maneuver or stop
    • Large blind spots
    • Can have a deceptively fast approach
    • Take a long time to pass
    • Go slower uphill and faster downhill
    • Make wide turns
    • Produce wind effect at high speeds
  • The unique danger – buses make frequent stops to drop off or pick up passengers
  • When following:
    • Increase your following distance
      • Improves visibility and reaction time
    • If the bus is stopped, use caution
      • Blocking view of cross traffic
      • Pedestrians getting on or off
  • Do not pass a bus on the right
school buses
School Buses
  • Children are unaware of traffic rules and safety
    • Less predictable
  • When a bus is stopped and has the stop sign arm extended you must come to a complete stop
    • Unless you are on the opposite side of a divided roadway
  • Resume driving only once the bus begins moving
  • Give bus extra space cushioning, especially when passing
    • Drivers can be distracted