Do Now (4, 8) • 1. Take out a sheet of paper. • 2. Write down 2 details that describe each of the 3 social classes in Medieval English society (Nobility, Church, and Commons). You may work alone or with a partner, but each of you should write on your own sheet of paper.
Do Now (6) • 1. Look at the card on your desk. You each have a character from The Canterbury Tales. • 2. Pick out three key details that you’d like to share with the class about your character. Be prepared to share.
Agenda (4) • 1. Do Now • 2. Pass up Signed Letters • 3. Finish “Meet the Pilgrims” • 4. Key Concepts for “The Prologue” PowerPoint • 5. Vocab Preview • 6. Start Reading “The Prologue” • 7. Wrap-up
Frame story • Frame story – a larger story that includes one or a series of other stories • Story within a story • Main story at the beginning sets the stage for either: • A more important story OR • A series of shorter stories • Smaller stories = give reader information to help understand the bigger picture • Frame – the beginning & ending of a story • Cyclical frame story – a story in which numerous tales are connected
Frame story • Gives the reader different points of view • Different levels of meaning • Unreliable narrator – narrator is not usually the actual author • Frame narrative – when the frame story’s main purpose is to set up the telling of other stories
Frame story examples • Frankenstein • Heart of Darkness • Wuthering Heights • The Odyssey • Don Quixote
Frame story examples • TV shows • How I Met Your Mother • Movies • Slumdog Millionaire • Forrest Gump • The Notebook
Prologue • Prologue – an introduction to a work of literature that is separate from the story • Purposes: • Important info to think about while reading • Backstory
Vocab Preview • Find the following words in your text (pages 1-2) and highlight them: Martyr Heathen Prudent Renowned Thrice Meek Valiant Valorous Remedy* • Look at how the words are used in the sentences. • Use your iPads (or dictionaries) to look up the words. Find the correct definition, and write it down in the margin near the word in your copy of “The Prologue”. * “remedies” in the text
Vocab Preview • Martyr – a person who sacrifices life out of religious devotion • Renowned – famous; celebrated • Valiant – showing bravery or courage; heroic • Heathen – not believing in any God (not Jewish, Christian, or Muslim) • Thrice – three times
Vocab Preview • Valorous – brave; courageous (like valiant) • Prudent – showing good judgment • Meek – humble, patient; not violent or aggressive in behavior • Remedy – a treatment that relieves or cures a sickness
Knight’s values • Chivalry - the code of conduct guiding the behavior of medieval knights • Faithfulness – loyalty; sticking to one’s word and doing one’s duties thoroughly • Honor – high respect, honesty and integrity • Liberality – the quality of being liberal, or generous • Courtesy – very polite, well-mannered behavior towards others
What is Chivalry? • Chivalry – the code of conduct guiding the behavior of medieval knights • All knights should protect others who cannot protect themselves • Ideal virtues: • Honor • Courtly love • Courtesy
Code of Chivalry • Expected to be truthful • Skills for war combat • Need to be loyal and generous • Respect the honor of women
Courtly love • Courtly love – code for governing how lovers among the nobility should behave • Knight serves lady with same obedience and loyalty that governs his behavior towards his liege lord
Wife of Bath • “Gap-toothed” – believed to be a sign that a woman was lustful