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Buddhism. What do you desire ?. Siddartha Gautama. 5 th Century BC Wealthy Hindu Family The Four Sights A very old man A sick person A dead body A beggar Sought Enlightenment Given the title of Buddha Means “the enlightened one”. Quest for Enlightenment. Renunciation

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siddartha gautama
Siddartha Gautama
  • 5th Century BC
  • Wealthy Hindu Family
  • The Four Sights
    • A very old man
    • A sick person
    • A dead body
    • A beggar
  • Sought Enlightenment
  • Given the title of Buddha
    • Means “the enlightened one”
quest for enlightenment
Quest for Enlightenment
  • Renunciation
    • Comfort vs. Ascetism
  • Middle Path
    • Prayer and Meditation
    • No extreme self-deprivation
  • Found enlightenment
    • Beneath a tree in Bodh Gaya, India
    • Gathered disciples
    • Dhamma- teachings
four noble truths
Four Noble Truths
  • Life involves suffering
  • Suffering originates in our desires
  • Suffering will cease if all desires cease
  • There is a way to cease all desire
    • The Eightfold Path
    • Results in Nirvana
the eightfold path1
The Eightfold Path

Right View

Right Intention

Commitment to Self-Improvement


Good will


  • Looking at things appropriately
    • Beginning
    • End
    • Realization of the Four Noble Truths
the eightfold path2
The Eightfold Path

Right Speech

Right Action

Unwholesome actions lead to unsound states of mind

Don’t take life, or cause intentional harm

Be Honest

Abstain from sexual misconduct

  • Words can break or save lives; make enemies or friends; start war or create peace
  • Tell the Truth
  • Speak friendly, warmly and gently
  • Talk only when necessary
the eightfold path3
The Eightfold Path

Right Livelihood

Right Effort

Seen as prerequisite for other principles

Without effort nothing can be achieved

Prevent negative thoughts and actions yet to occur

Correct negative thoughts and actions that have occurred

Start positive thoughts and actions yet ot occur

Maintain positive thoughts and actions occurring now

  • Earn living in a manner that is legal and peaceful
    • Prohibited:
      • Weapons
      • Meat (raising or butchering)
      • Drugs and Alcohol
      • Slave trading
      • Prostitution
      • Any thing that would violate right speech or action
the eightfold path4
The Eightfold Path

Right Mindfulness

Right Concentration

Concentration on wholesome thoughts and actions

One-pointedness of mind


  • Controlled and perfected cognition
  • Mental ability to see things as they are with clear consciousness
  • Awareness
    • Body
    • Feelings
    • State of Mind
    • Phenomena
schools of buddhism
Schools of Buddhism



Great Vehicle

Emphasis on common person




Enlightened beings dedicated to liberating others from suffering

Primarily in Nepal, Tibet, China and East Asia

  • Way of the Elders
  • Pali “Cannon”
    • Emphasis on monastic life
    • Lay people encouraged to support monks
  • Primarily in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia
schools of buddhism vajrayana
Schools of Buddhism- Vajrayana
  • “Diamond Vehicle” – Tibetan Buddhism
  • Form of Mahayana Buddhism
  • Emphasis on meditative practices, compassionate living, and advanced mystical practices
  • One can become a Buddha in this lifetime
  • Teachers known as “lamas”
  • Dalai Lama
    • Spiritual and Civil Leader of Tibet
    • 14th incarnation
    • Exiled to Himalayas
  • Persecuted by Hindu Kings
    • Pushed out of India
  • Now more prevalent outside of India
  • Spread to West
    • Zen
    • Tibetan
current state
Current State
  • Although detachment encouraged some leaders have promoted proactivity
  • Engaged Buddhism
    • ThichNhatHanh
    • Meditation followed by action on insights received
      • Social, Political, and Economic Justice
      • Environmental Activism