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Ch apter . 1 Sec. 2. Essential question: How did the government of Rome develop into an empire?. The Roman Republic and Empire. Wednesday September 11,2013 Patriot Day.
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Chapter. 1 Sec. 2 Essential question: How did the government of Rome develop into an empire? The Roman Republic and Empire
Wednesday September 11,2013 Patriot Day America will never be destroyed from the outside. If we falter and lose our freedoms, it will be because we destroyed ourselves. Abraham Lincoln Home Fun Agenda Warm Up Based on what you think you know: Who attacked us on 9/11?Why did they attack us? What were the short term effects? What were the long term effects? Warm Up: Week #5 (20) Cornell Notes: The Roman Republic and Empire Wrap Up. • DO SOMETHING GOOD FOR OTHERS TODAY. • Finish notes not finished in class. • Complete sentences on Vocabulary. • Current Event #4 (21) • Check grades on IC
Ch1 Section 2 Vocabulary • Republic • Consul • Dictator • Tribune • Veto • Carthage • Julius Caesar • Augustus • Justinian
How did the Roman Republic differ from government under the Etruscans? • Etruscans ruled Rome with an Aristocracy of nobles and a king. • In 509 b.c The Romans established a Republicor “thing of the people” to keep any individual from gaining too much power. • In the Republic- power rest in the hands of the citizens who elect leaders to make gov’t decisions.
How did the Roman Republic differ from government under the Etruscans? • The Senate, land owning upper class, held most power. Served for life and made laws. • Senators elected two consuls. • Consuls: supervised the business of gov’t and Rome’s armies. Created a system of checks on the power of the gov’t. • Dictators, rulers with complete control of the gov’t, would be chosen by senators if war broke out.
How did the Roman Republic differ from government under the Etruscans? • The Laws of the Twelve Tables: made laws public and made it possible for plebeians (common people) to appeal a judgment by a patrician judge. • Tribunes: officials elected to protect interests of plebeians. Could veto laws harmful to Plebeians
What principles of law did Romans develop? • Rome developed written laws. • The Twelve Tables. • Rome’s greatest legacies: • written legal code equally and impartially applied to all. • Republic – citizens choose who will represent them • Government: senate, veto, checks on power. “Let justice be done,” proclaimed a Roman saying, “though the heavens fall!”
What principles of law did Romans develop? (Con’t) • Justinian set up a commission to collect, revise, and organize all the laws of ancient Rome. • They produced the Body of Civil Law, popularly known as Justinian’s Code. • Centuries later, the code was a model for Western Europe and international law in use today "Innocent until proven guilty" "Accused has the right to face accuser and offer a defense against the charge"