Class: Prep II Subject: History Topic: The coming of Pakistan 4th – 8th March, 2013 Presentation by: Maimoona Kashif
Adolf Hitler (1889 – 1945) Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the Nazi Party. He was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and dictator of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Adolf Hitler Born: April 20, 1889, Braunau am Inn Died: April 30, 1945, Berlin Full name: Adolf Hitler Spouse: Eva Braun (m. 1945–1945) Parents: Alois Hitler, Klara Hitler
Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler was considered as one of the great ‘monsters’ of history in many areas of the world but to Germans he seemed to offer country a way out of difficulties.
Adolf Hitler In 1930s high inflation and serious economic problems in Germany. In 1934 large programme of arms production ordered by Hitler. In 1932, there were 36military aircrafts but by 1939 the number increased to about 8,500.
Hitler’s deadly ideas WW1: humiliating end for Germany They were to recover what was lost plus create a larger ‘Greater Germany’. Germans should have ‘Lebensraum’ or living space
Hitler’s deadly ideas Germany to extend to the east and take control over ‘breadbasket’ (wheat-growing) lands of Ukraine Become an economic and military power, to dominate the world one day.
Hitler’s deadly ideas Germans and white northern Europeans (Aryans):the best race. Aryan Germans : the Master Race Slavic people (Slavs): Untermenschen (subhuman) Others (African, Asians): inferior Jews: more inferior than Slavs, the worst race on earth.
Hitler’s deadly ideas Drawback for Hitler Slavic people (Slavs), however; occupied lands within the large and powerful Soviet Union, ruled by Joseph Stalin
Hitler’s attitude towards Jews Considered them as the reason for German defeat in WW1 and the economic problems of the country.
Hitler’s attitude towards Jews Persecution of Jews started in 1930s. Hitler’s Nazi Party stirred up hatred against them. Soldiers beat them in the streets. Jews in German controlled lands were forced to wear yellow star on their sleeves to show their race.
Hitler’s attitude towards Jews Their homes, businesses, synagogues (worship places) were destroyed. Many were arrested and sent to ‘concentration’ camps, where they were forced to work.
Hitler’s attitude towards Jews No Jew could be a German citizen by law in 1935. They could not marry ‘citizens of German blood’. Many fled away to other areas.
Hitler’s concentration camps At Auschwitz, Treblinka, Belsen etc. Hitler hated Slavs, Jews, gypsies, mentally – ill people plus some religious groups. Before and during the war millions of such people sent to the ‘concentration’ and work camps.
Hitler’s concentration camps Many died of disease, overwork, and starvation. Others were gassed in special rooms, or shot. Bodies were buried in mass graves or burnt into special cremation ovens.
Hitler’s attitude towards Jews Concentration camp