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Bellringer : . Turn in your complete final draft of Writing Assessment One to the basket WITH the rubric and rough draft attached. No rubric will result in point deduction! . Romeo and Juliet. William Shakespeare . Essential Question.

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bellringer
Bellringer:
  • Turn in your complete final draft of Writing Assessment One to the basket WITH the rubric and rough draft attached.
  • No rubric will result in point deduction!
romeo and juliet

Romeo and Juliet

William Shakespeare

essential question
Essential Question

How have Shakespeare’s writings helped to develop the English Language?

william shakespeare
William Shakespeare
  • Widely regarded as the greatest writer in English Literature
  • Actor for Lord Chamberlain’s Men (London theater co.)
  • Also > principal playwright for them
  • 1599> Lord Ch. Co. built Globe Theater where most of Shakespeare’s play’s were performed.
  • He wrote Comedies, Histories and Tragedies.
theatre
Theatre
  • Plays produced for the general public
  • Roofless>open air
  • No artificial lighting
  • Courtyard surrounded by 3 levels of galleries
spectators
Spectators
  • Wealthy got benches.
  • “Groundlings”>poorer people stood and watched from the courtyard (“pit”)
  • All but wealthy were uneducated/illiterate
  • Much more interaction than today.
differences
Differences
  • No scenery
  • Settings > references in dialogue
  • Elaborate costumes
  • Plenty of props
  • Fast-paced, colorful>2 hours!
actors
Actors
  • Only men and boys
  • Young boys whose voices had not changed play women’s roles
  • Would have been considered indecent for a woman to appear on stage
romeo and juliet is a tragedy
Romeo and Juliet is a Tragedy

Tragedy- In literature, the concept of tragedy refer to a series of unfortunate events by which one or more of the literary characters in the story undergo several misfortunes, which finally culminate into a disaster of ‘epic proportions’. Tragedy is generally built up in 5 stages: a) happy times b) the introduction of a problem c) the problem worsens to a crisis/ dilemma d) the characters are unable to prevent the problem from taking over e) the problem results in some catastrophic, grave ending, which is the tragedy culminated.

review of literary devices
Review of Literary Devices
  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Imagery
  • Personification
  • Diction
  • Tone/Mood
  • Juxtaposition
  • Theme
  • Symbolism
  • Allusion
characterization
Characterization
  • Characterization is the process by which the writer reveals the personality of a character.
  • Characterization is revealed through direct characterization and indirect characterization.
direct characterization
Direct Characterization
  • Direct Characterization tells the audience what the personality of the character is.
  • Example: “The patient boy and quiet girl were both well mannered and did not disobey their mother.”
  • Explanation: The author is directly telling the audience the personality of these two children. The boy is “patient” and the girl is “quiet.”
indirect characterization
Indirect Characterization
  • Indirect Characterization shows things that reveal the personality of a character. There are five different methods of indirect characterization:
  • Speech
  • Thoughts
  • Effect on others
  • Actions
  • Looks
  • Use the mnemonic device STEAL to remember the five types of indirect characterization.
types of characters
Types of Characters
  • Round Characters: have many personality traits, like real people
  • Flat Characters: One-dimensional, embodying only a single trait
    • Shakespeare often uses them to provide comic relief even in a tragedy
  • Static Characters: remain the same. They do not change. They do not change their minds, opinions or character
  • Dynamic Characters: change somehow during the course of the plot. They generally change for the better.
new literary terms
New Literary Terms
  • Extended Metaphor: a metaphor introduced and then further developed throughout all or part of a literary work, especially a poem.(Ex: The Road Not Taken).
  • Foreshadowing: Suggesting, hinting, indicating, or showing what will occur later in a narrative. Foreshadowing often provides hints about what will happen next.

(Ex: Tiresias’ prophecy to Odysseus).

irony three types
Irony: Three Types
  • Situational Irony: accidental events occur that seem oddly appropriate, such as the poetic justice of a pickpocket getting his own pocket picked. Something occurs that the audience does not expect.
  • Dramatic Irony: Dramatic irony (the most important type for literature) involves a situation in a narrative in which the reader knows something about present or future circumstances that the character does not know.
  • Verbal irony occurs when the speaker means something totally different than what he/she is saying.
slide19
Pun
  • A play on two words similar in sound but different in meaning.

(Ex: The church choir robes were too long and needed to be hymned.)

One of the cleverest and most morbid puns in Romeo and Juliet comes as a joke from a fatally-stabbed Mercutio, who stops joking to explain that “tomorrow … you shall find me a grave man.” Grave means serious, but here it also alludes to his imminent death.

double entendre
Double-entendre
  • A figure of speech in which a word or phrase can be understood in two ways, especially when one meaning is risqué.
  • Basically, a pun with a hidden sexual meaning.
juxtaposition
Juxtaposition
  • a literary device wherein the author places a person, concept, place, idea or theme parallel to another. The purpose of juxtaposing two directly/indirectly related entities close together in literature is to highlight the contrast between the two and compare them. This literary device is usually used for etching out a character in detail, creating suspense or lending a rhetorical effect.
paradox
Paradox

paradox in literature refers to the use of concepts/ ideas that are contradictory to one another, yet, when placed together they hold significant value on several levels. The uniqueness of paradoxes lies in the fact that a deeper level of meaning and significance is not revealed at first glace, but when it does crystallize, it provides astonishing insight.

oxymoron
Oxymoron
  • Oxymoron- pairs of contradictory words.

Ex: Jumbo Shrimp

slide24
Foil
  • A character who contrasts and parallels the main character in a play or story.

Ex: Mercutio is a foil for Romeo; Benvolio and Tybalt are also foils.

dramatic terms
Dramatic Terms
  • Soliloquy: A monologue spoken by an actor at a point in the play when the character believes himself to be alone. The technique frequently reveals a character's innermost thoughts, including his feelings, state of mind, motives or intentions. The soliloquy often provides necessary but otherwise inaccessible information to the audience. The dramatic convention is that whatever a character says in a soliloquy to the audience must be true, or at least true in the eyes of the character speaking.
  • Dramatic Monologue: A poem in which a poetic speaker addresses either the reader or an internal listener at length. It is similar to the soliloquy in theater, in that both a dramatic monologue and a soliloquy often involve the revelation of the innermost thoughts and feelings of the speaker.
  • Aside: In drama, a few words or a short passage spoken by one character to the audience while the other actors on stage pretend their characters cannot hear the speaker's words. It is a theatrical convention that the aside is not audible to other characters on stage.
  • Chorus: A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance.
motif
Motif
  • Definition: 
  • Any element, subject, idea or concept that is constantly present through the entire body of literature.
  • Using a motif refers to the repetition of a specific theme dominating the literary work.
  • Motifs are very noticeable and play a significant role in defining the nature of the story, the course of events and the very fabric of the literary piece.
motifs in romeo and juliet
Motifs in Romeo and Juliet
  • A motif is a recurring element, such as a type of incident, a device, a reference, or verbal formula, which appears frequently in works of literature (Ex: hospitality in The Odyssey)
  • Paradoxical nature of life
  • Ship/Bark
  • Banking
  • Earthly
  • Celestial
  • Destiny
  • Education
  • Light
  • Darkness
themes in romeo and juliet
Themes in Romeo and Juliet
  • Life is paradoxical.
  • Destiny and free-will determine our fate.
  • Rules are meant to be broken.
  • Good women become wives and mothers.
  • Love causes violence.
  • Love transcends all limitations.
thanks will
“Thanks Will!”
  • Read the short informational article “Thanks, Will!”
  • Complete a one page objective summary of the text for Homework!
  • Due Friday!
homework due friday
Homework: Due Friday!
  • Read the short informational text, “Thanks Will!” and provide a one page objective summary of the text.
  • This is your second homework grade for this 9 weeks!
bellringer1
Bellringer
  • Take out your “Thanks Will!” article
  • Open Green text to pg. 771and
  • Have out your Background Notes from yesterday.
  • Also, locate your literary terms for Unit Three.
what is a prologue
What is a Prologue?
  • a prologue is a section of any introductory material before the first chapter or the main material of a prose work, or any such material before the first stanza of a poetic work.
romeo and juliet prologue
Romeo and Juliet Prologue
  • Follow along while you watch the Prologue of the 1996 version of Romeo and Juliet.
  • Think-Pair Share: Get with partner and paraphrase the prologue.
act 1
Act 1
  • Make sure to keep up with notes focusing on literary devices:
    • Foreshadowing
    • Metaphor
    • Paradox
    • Oxymoron
    • Juxtaposition
    • Pun
    • Foil
    • Characterization
    • Imagery
act 11
Act 1
  • Examine the opening lines of Tybalt, Benvolio, Juliet, Paris, Lord Capulet, Nurse, and Romeo.
  • What is revealed about the characters?
socratic seminar expectations
Socratic Seminar expectations
  • Your quiz grades for Pride and Prejudice will be made up by your preparation, participation, and a short ticket-to-leave response based on whole class discussion of the novel.
  • Complete the planning guide provided:30 points
  • Participate effectively in discussion: 50 points
  • Ticket-to-Leave: 20 points.
what do i need to bring with me
What do I need to bring with me?
  • In class, we will use the edition we have in class, so that when we refer to page numbers, everyone is on the same page (literally!).
  • Complete Planning Guide
  • Homework Questions completed through Volume One (Chapter 23).
writing assessment two
Writing Assessment Two
  • Focusing on Shakespeare’s theme, the paradoxical nature of life, use Acts 1 and 2 of Romeo and Juliet to explain how Shakespeare conveys the idea through literary and poetic devices. Examine his use of characterization, sound devices, imagery, juxtaposition, and foil, among other terms. Point to specific textual quotes and details throughout your discussion to substantiate your thesis statement.
keep up with the opposites used as we read
Keep up with the opposites used as we read.

In addition to your notes, you have a purple graphic organizer to record evidence of juxtaposition and paradoxes used to further the theme of Life is Paradoxical.

Be sure to record quotes.

This will make writing your essay MUCH easier.