Scramble for Africa. Why Africa?. Interest in Africa did not start until mid 1800’s Industrialization led to increased need for raw materials and fine goods (ex. Rubber, ivory, gold, diamonds) Unexplored central regions (ex.Congo) became hotbeds for debate
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Chap. II Documents relative to the Slave Trade
IX. ............the Powers which do or shall exercise sovereign rights or influence in the territories forming the .. basin of the Congo declare that these territories may not serve as a market or means of transit for the trade in slaves, of whatever race they may be. Each of the Powers binds itself to employ all the means at its disposal for putting an end to this trade and for punishing those who engage in it.