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Scramble for Africa. Imperialism in the 1800’s. How does the image below reflect European Countries ideals on imperialism?. Africa Before European Domination. Divided amongst ethnic and linguistic groups

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Scramble for africa

Scramble for Africa

Imperialism in the 1800’s



Africa before european domination
Africa Before European Domination on imperialism?

  • Divided amongst ethnic and linguistic groups

  • Europeans had little contact with interior Africans due to disease, travel of the rivers and African military.

  • Missionaries, explores and humanitarians were the only humans to explore the interior of Africa


Dr livingstone i presume the great
Dr. Livingstone, I presume? on imperialism?The great

  • Dr. Livingstone sparks the imperialistic race in the Congo.

    • Went on a mission trip for years. People thought he was dead.

    • Henry Stanley, a U.S. reporter was hired to go find him. He did.

    • Stanley continued to explore Africa himself. He was contacted by King Leopold III to negotiate for land.

    • This sparks the French, GB, Germany, Italy, Portugal and Spain to start claiming parts of Africa.


Forces driving imperialism in africa
Forces Driving Imperialism in Africa on imperialism?

  • The industrial revolution

    • Looking for new markets and raw materials

  • European Superiority

    • Racism- they are better then everyone

    • Social Darwinism- survival of the fittest

    • To civilize and westernize the people

  • Advances in technology

    • Machine guns (Maxim), steam engines, a drug created in 1829 to protect them from malaria

  • Africa had no Unity

    • Europeans used the rival groups against each other.


The division of africa
The Division of Africa on imperialism?

  • GOLD! DIAMONDS! Europeans colonize more!!!

  • Berlin Conference 1884-1885

    • 14 European countries met

    • Decided on how to divide the continent

    • **no African King was invited and they paid little attention to different ethnic and linguistic differences.

  • Demand for raw materials


Three groups clash over south africa africans british and dutch
Three Groups Clash over South Africa: Africans, British and Dutch

  • Zulus fights the British

    • Shaka-Zulu chief created a large central state in S.A. with a good military

    • British nearly beat the Zulu, but eventually won and took power in 1887

  • Boers and the British Settle in the Cape

    • Dutch were the first to settle in S.A. (Boers=farmers)

    • Clash over land and slaves

  • Boer War

    • First modern “total” war due to “outsiders” invading and taking political reigns.

    • Black South Africans were played roles in the war such as: scouts, guards, drivers, and workers.

    • Great Britain won