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Adolescence
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Adolescence

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  1. Q 9 & 10: Describe adolescence and discuss the relationship between physical change and development of identity during adolescence Adolescence

  2. Approach • Intro • Define adolescence and types of changes • Thesis: Physical changes may be linked to identity development and body image • Body • Physical changes • Theories about link to body image • Research and evaluation- possible application • Conclusion

  3. Adolescence • The period of development between puberty and adulthood • Historically a new concept- could be culture specific • Cognitive- formal operations • Controversial from a sociocultural perspective • Not all agree that this is a unique life period across cultures • Individual and cultural differences- initiation rites in some cultures • Western focus

  4. Biological Development • Physical change during puberty • Pituitary gland- increase in estrogen & testosterone • Growth spurt & redistribution of muscle and fat • Emerging sexuality • The adolescent has to become familiar with this new body and integrate a revised body image and self-identity (including sexual identity)

  5. Croll(2005)- body image

  6. If Ken & Barbie were real

  7. Body image and Identity • Cultural Ideal hypothesis (Simmons and Blyth, 1987) • Puberty brings boys closer to their ideal body (big & strong) while girls move further away from theirs (slim) • Girls more likely to express body dissatisfaction & diet • Objectification theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997) • Western girls socialized to appear pleasing to others

  8. Ferron (1997) • To investigate possible cultural differences in the way adolescents relate to bodily changes in puberty • Interviews across cultures (60 American and 60 French, both boys and girls) • Results (limitations- western bias, self-report) • 75% of Americans didn’t accept biological predisposition- ideal body was seen as possible • Americans more likely to suffer from self-blame and guilt and adopt fad diets • 75% of American girls believed self-worth depended on looks • Less than half the French adolescents believed they could obtain a perfect body and 75% believed in genetic factors