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the presentation seek to explain basis for emotional response and the best way to adapt to extremes of hurt and emotional betrayal.
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Emotional adaptability By. Stephen Yusuf
We all watched with a tearful awe As the British ocean liner sunk its human cargo into the deep, dark and cold belle of the Atlantic ocean As their screams forms a symphony with the raging tides, and Celine Dion lased the movie with hers… In that chaotic display of life’s treaty with death A flame of love was lighted, the warmth of which spares a soul LOVE THAT BINDS IN SEPRATION
Definition of terms • Emotion:- from the French word ‘‘emouvoir’’ which means ‘‘to stir up the feelings of someone..’’ • So emotions is a heightened state of feelings, passion, or sensation caused by an external drive which could be human(person), object, words, music e.t.c. • Emotion is active not passive
Adaptability:- to adapt simply means to change, alter, modify in other to fit better to a prevailing uncomfortable situation and or condition. • It is a coping mechanism • It is measured by the degree of perseverance. • Adapt-ability deals with each individual’s stretch-ability, i.e. ability to withstand stressful, uncomfortable situation and in this context, Emotional stretch-ability
Emotion and science • Emotion is a full product of our consciousness • It is control by the interplay of chemical as well as electrical impulses from the brain • The seat of emotion is the limbic system which also house our social and cultural values and norms. • Emotions are thus a pivot beam of our integral selves.
Limbic system • The areas of cerebral cortex included in the region of the limbic system is the limbic lobe. • The processing of high tech info and functions are confirmed here. • Activities necessary for survival of the specie including sex behaviour. • Emotional behaviour as well as retention of recent memory.
This small and rather hiding area in the brain emit similar impulse in each person with no difference in strength or mapping. • From my point of view, being the emotional driver and behavioral modulator, each person is suppose to respond to emotional stimuli in the same manner. • That is, every specie will act in the same way provided with same stimuli (love or hate.)
Real and ideal phenomenon • The ideal phenomenon is what is expected, i.e. the similarity of response and degree of tussle to an external emotional stimuli. • But this is hardly seen in reality. • People differ profoundly in the way they respond or act to emotional stimuli. • Temperament is a product of the difference in limbic response to behaviors and external stimuli. Theory from the first principle(stephen1)
Inborn determinants • These are products of temperaments. • Based on proto-psychology. • 4 temperament each corresponding to a body fluid thought to affect personality and trait. • Sanguine (pleasure seeking and sociable) • Choleric (ambitious and leader-like) • Melancholic (introvert and thoughtful) • Phlegmatic (relaxed and quiet)
Temperament and emotion • Melancholic have heightened emotions and are more affected by its injury. • Cholerics never get emotionally down. • Sanguine don’t have time to show or exhibit emotion but do feel it. • Phlegmatic are sympathetic and will rather avoid deep disturbing conditions.
Analogy • Activities increases motor stimuli and motor impulse interpretations by the cerebral cortex, thus there is a relative refraction to emotional stimuli. The sanguinoid response ( 4th principle) • Ego drive and self possessiveness depress the emotional pathway more. Why??? Choleticoid response (5th principle)
Acquired determinants • Limbic adaptive threshold: there is a level of noxious stimuli to the limbic system that translate to the limbic lobe on the cerebral cortex for intellectual rationalization and adaptation via the coping mechanism pathways. Theory from 2nd principle(stephen2) • This cause the host to develop or generate skills necessary for adaptation to such condition.
Depression, pains, headaches, anhedonia, social withdrawal e.t.c • Are all symptoms of the failure of the limbic adaptive threshold which can be cause by: • Neglect of suboptimal stimuli • Above normal emotional stimuli which then becomes hard to curtail or manage. The host assumes a partial state of inhibition and withdrawal to try and recover himself from the shock.
Coping mechanisms • Reaction formation • Undoing • Rationalization • Activities • Denial • Blame shifting • Auditory
Reaction formation and Activities • The predominant motor coping mechanism seems to be the most effective WHY?? • The limbic lobe response in action to subtle or aggressive stimuli, since its response is motor essentially, then I propound that a negative inhibition will subvert when more motor functions are activated (negative feedback) more so for a counter contralateral motor action. Theory from 3rd principle (stephen3)
Rationalization, Blame-shifting… • These fronto-cortical coping mechanism may not be very effective, this is due to their stimulatory and emotional nature • They also discourage motor action • They stimulate the sympathetic system thus increase fear and insecurities • They are depressing and uninteresting • They are dominating and possesive
After the iceberg and ship were broken The people’s spirit and soul was taken Their bodies in mid-ocean frozen. …love nurtured, love given His heart and life was hers for a taken For love, his body in stillness below the sea descended For hers to ascend He went and was gone, glued only to history She left and with scar moved on…
Case1 • Jay 25yr old final year student , 1st child in a family of 5 nurtures a deeply genuine love for a close friend Sarah 23yrs. He watched that affection grow as their friendship strengthens for over 5years. The day he decided to tell her was the day she came to show him her engagement ring. • EEG was normal except for occasional hyps-pikes • BP was high and Pulse was bounding • Failed trial at hypnotization
Case2 • Tim. 27yrs had 2 failed relationships to his record and 4 negative answers (no) to his subsequent proposals, all of which has severely affected him. Now he is in love with another lady but scared he could not be able to stand another ‘no’. • Vitals were within normal range • EEG not done
Case3 • Ruth Chooses to stay all day behind closed door far removed from people in tears. This was noticed a day after having a date-dinner with her closed friend Caleb.
In conclusion • Emotion, behavior, affect and mood are the some total of the deep inward expressiveness of man, and the right modulator is needed at any point in time to keep that fulcrum balanced. N.B • The neurochemical hypothesis propounded in this studies are direct product of reasoning and interplay of pre-existing phenomenon (not lab. tested)
Thanks for listening Questions?
Reference • Indebir Singh, text book of human neuroanatomy. 2006 Jaypee 6th edit. • Johnson Gregory. Johnson’s theories of emotion; email@example.com • Wikipedia materials; temperaments, 4 temperaments. • Ganong text book of physiology 22nd edit. • Niraj Ahuja; short text of Psychiatry, jaypee, 6th edit. • Davidson’s text book of medicine. • Old theories of philosophy .