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ADAPTATION. Isma M. Shaff. Definition. An adaptation is a trait that makes an animal suited to its environment. It can be:. Structural adaptations. Behavioral adaptations. Structural adaptations. Structural adaptations are physical traits of an organism. Examples:. Shape.

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adaptation

ADAPTATION

Isma M. Shaff

definition
Definition

An adaptation is a trait that makes an animal suited to its environment.

it can be
It can be:

Structural adaptations

  • Behavioral adaptations
structural adaptations
Structural adaptations
  • Structural adaptationsare physical traits of an organism.

Examples:

  • Shape
  • Body covering
  • Types of beaks and claws
  • etc.
shape
Shape

Streamline body

types of beaks
Types of beaks

fringed

flat and wide at the base

sharp, "hooked" beaks

A cone shaped bill

Thin, slender beaks

A tubular bills

strong beaks which taper to the tip,

A sharp tooth-like structures on the edge

slide12

Types of Claws in Birds

Types of Claws in Birds

Cursorial or running feet. e.g., Bustards, Cassowary, Ostrich.Perching feet. e.g., sparrows, crows, bulbuls.Scratching feet. e.g., fowls, quails, pheasants.Raptorial feet. e.g., eagles, kites, vultures, owls, etc.Wading feet. e.g., Herons, Jacana.Swimming feet. e.g., ducks, pelican, cormorant.Climbing feet. e.g., parrots and woodpeckers.Clinging feet. e.g., swifts, and humming-birds.

behavioral adaptations
Behavioral adaptations
  • Behavioral adaptations are composed of inherited behavior chains and the ability to learn.

Examples:

  • Searching for food
  • Mimicry/camouflage
  • Moving in large groups
  • .
examples
Examples
  • Penguins
    • Structural Adaptations:
      • They are white on the front and black on the back.
      • Feathers : extremely densely packed, with no gaps between them.
      • They don’t have the extra air spaces in their bones that normal bird have.
    • Behavioral adaptations:
      • Penguins live in large communities
      • They make their nests side by side