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INTERTANKO / INTERCARGO Joint Technical Seminar

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  1. INTERTANKO / INTERCARGOJoint Technical Seminar INTERCARGO INTERTANKO MUMBAI 22 November 2006

  2. INTERTANKO / INTERCARGOJoint Technical Seminar Global Governance Structures and Upholding International Law Peter M. Swift Managing Director, INTERTANKO

  3. International Association of Independent Tanker Owners Represents responsible oil and chemical tanker owners worldwide, promoting their interests and providing members with technical, operational, legal, documentary and other support services, information and advice. 250 + members representing > 80% of the independent oil tanker fleet and > 85% of the chemical carrier fleet, with strict membership criteria 300 + associate members in oil and chemical tanker related businesses 15 Committees - 4 Regional Panels Representative Offices in Europe, US and Asia Observer status at IMO, IOPC and UNCTAD

  4. Mission and Vision MISSION “Provide leadership to the Tanker Industry in serving the world with the safe, environmentally sound and efficient seaborne transportation of oil, gas and chemical products.” VISION FOR THE TANKER INDUSTRY “A responsible, sustainable and respected Tanker Industry, committed to continuous improvement and constructively influencing its future.”

  5. One of the Association’s primary goals: Lead the continuous improvement of the Tanker Industry’s performance in striving to achieve the goals of: Zero fatalities Zero pollution Zero detentions

  6. Society and the International Shipping Industry share the same goals Shipping should be: • Safe and secure • Environmentally responsible • Reliable • Efficient (Low cost)

  7. For International Shipping to be effective and efficient We need: • GLOBAL GOVERNANCE STRUCTURES FOR A GLOBAL INDUSTRY (However remembering that all politics are local) • A BALANCE BETWEEN REGULATION AND SELF-REGULATION

  8. REGULATION Effective Regulation SELF-REGULATION Best Practice Achieving the Balance between Regulation & Self Regulation

  9. “Effective” Regulation Regulation, which is: • Developed at the global level, wherever appropriate (consistent with existing law) • Fit for purpose (provides solutions) • Properly considered (stakeholders involved) • Impact(s) fully assessed (economic and social) • If adopted, implemented uniformly and promptly

  10. For ”Self-Regulation” to be accepted • Shipping has to be seen as a “Responsible” industry and • To be respected by the public, legislators, regulators and media

  11. Industry works to develop and promote “Self Regulation” By • Adopting industry “best practices” • Producing industry guidelines • Developing programmes, procedures, etc. - Design, Shipbuilding, Operations, Training, Inspections, Investigations and more…

  12. Industry “best practices” Examples: • Adopting IMO Pilotage “Recommendations” • Signing-up to Early Warning Information (Sharing) Systems • Implementing Green Passport / Preparing Applying Hazardous Material Inventory • Applying VOC control on passage • Implementing anti-fouling regulations ahead of IMO timetable • Establishing Emergency Response procedures • Developing & rehearsing crisis management procedures, (including media training) • ……………………

  13. Industry “Guidelines” Examples: • Flag State Performance • Recycling guidelines • ISGOTT • Newbuilding Awareness guide • Model Ballast Water Management plan • Garbage Management plan • ISO 14001 planning • Oil record book completion, OWS guidance • Mooring, STS, COW, etc. • ………

  14. Industry “programmes and procedures” / Quality Initiatives Examples: • Ship & Terminal vetting • Management self-assessment programmes • Casualty reporting and analysis • PSC record analysis • Establishment of Inter-Industry Group (Chemical Tanker accidents): Recommendations for Inert Gas for Cargo Tanks on presently exempted ships, Establishment of Human Element Task Force • ………..

  15. Other Examples of Industry’s Quality Initiatives / Acting “responsibly” • Industry-Government Programmes • Marine Electronic Highway • Reception Facilities Forum • Double Hull Panel (EMSA) • ……… • With many similar programmes on the dry side, plus sector specific - BC Capesize Loading Rates - Carriage of DRI fines - Annex V issues - ………

  16. Other Examples of Industry’s Quality Initiatives / Acting “responsibly” Acting “Ahead of” regulatory implementation: • Annex VI (Nox & Sox, VOC) • Anti Fouling Systems (TBT Ban) • Fixed Gas detection systems (Ballast tanks) • Cargo tank coatings • IG on smaller chemical tankers • BW management trials • OWS alternatives • Green Passport and HMI standards • ……….

  17. Global Governance Structures INTERTANKO / INTERCARGOJoint Technical Seminar

  18. Shipping’s Governance Structure • Legislation & Regulations • With licences to operate provided by: - Flag - Class (newbuild & in-service) - Insurer (compulsory certificates) - Charterers (through vetting) - PSC (on behalf of coastal states)

  19. Flag State Guidelines- industry advice

  20. Working with Classification Societies • Regular meetings of Industry and IACS • Development of Common Structural Rules - Tankers and Bulkers • Tripartite dialogue: owners, builders and class: • Common structural rules • Coatings and coating performance standards • Goal Based Standards (Tiers IV & V) • Information sharing • Shipboard waste management

  21. Working with Insurers, Charterers and Port State Control • Regular meetings of Industry and the International Group of P&I Clubs - seeking differentiation based on “quality” - IOPC Quality WG • Continuing dialogue with Charterers: – OCIMF-SIRE, CDI and others • Meetings with PSC MoUs • Seeking uniformity in standards and procedures • member of EQUASIS Editorial, seeking consistency in data and effective analysis of information

  22. Why “good” PSC is important PSC RECORDS: • Used by charterers (brokers and agents) • Used by media • Used in assessments by flags, insurers and others • Used as membership criteria by associations

  23. Upholding International Law INTERTANKO / INTERCARGOJoint Technical Seminar

  24. Challenges to the International Governance of the Shipping Industry International vs. local, national and regional • Liability – EU Penal Sanctions vs. International Conventions • Safety & Environment – EU (Post Erika & Prestige) vs. IMO/Marpol & SOLAS • Sulphur Levels / Air Emissions – EU, USA vs. IMO • Security – MTSA vs. ISPS • Ballast Water Management – US, Australia et al vs. IMO

  25. INTERNATIONAL EU Challenges to UNCLOS EU Ship Source Pollution Directive Canada Bill C-15 Ballast Water Legislation Air Pollution / Fuel Quality regulations (USA) FEDERAL Challenges to EPA regs on Ballast Water Discharges Massachusetts Oil Spill Response legislation Pending legislation in Rhode Island on LNG movements State legislation on Air Emissions Maintaining the supremacy of IMO,International and US (Federal) LawAgainst the challenges of Local and Regional Legislation

  26. Where does Regional Regulation fit ? • Addressing purely local issues • Catalyst for international regulation • Accelerator for international implementation

  27. Upholding International Law CRIMINALISATION INTERTANKO / INTERCARGOJoint Technical Seminar

  28. Criminalisation A two-fold concern: • Unfair treatment / human rights and • Counterproductive nature of other measures

  29. Criminalisation Unfair treatment and violation of human rights • Too many cases of unlawful detentions after shipping accidents • Welcome for the joint IMO/ILO Guidelines for the Fair Treatment of Seafarers • Too many other unjust practices – unjustified fines, denial of shore leave, prohibition of terminal access and more

  30. Criminalisation Counterproductive consequences not recognised: • Destroys “no blame” cultures • Discourages openness and frank reporting • Curtails surveyors’ reports – detracts from ”good practice” • Deters salvors in circumstances when we need them most • Deflects focus for proper casualty investigation and denies benefits of same • Destroys and damages morale of seafarers and others • Dissuades new recruits and accelerates departure of experienced staff • Drives responsible people and companies from the business Is this what the legislators and society are seeking ?

  31. Maintaining the Supremacy of International and US Federal Law What is being done ? • Major industry-wide efforts to remove the threat of criminal sanctions for accidental discharges, including a Legal Challenge to the European Court of Justice • Industry speaking out against “Unfair treatment” • Extensive lobbying in the EU and US • Legal Challenge in US with DoJ against the State of Massachusetts • Legal Challenge in US with USCG over Regulation of Discharges • Challenges to use of “Age” as a selection criterion • Challenging Torres Straits compulsory pilotage • Challenging Mississippi Exclusive Tug Contracts • And much more ………………

  32. Global Governance Structures and Upholding International Law CONCLUSIONS INTERTANKO / INTERCARGOJoint Technical Seminar

  33. Safe & Efficient ShippingSound legislation - consistent with customary international law, and applied uniformly and fairly

  34. Poseidon Challenge- commitment to continuous improvement- commitment to working with all partners

  35. THANK YOU www.intertanko.com www.shippingfacts.com www.themaritimefoundation.com