Bellringer – Day 5. U9T10 – I can describe how the Cold War created tensions within the Western Hemisphere (Cuba, Latin America) U9T11 - I can explain the reasons behind the American entrance into the Vietnam War.
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U9T10 – I can describe how the Cold War created tensions within the Western Hemisphere (Cuba, Latin America)
U9T11 - I can explain the reasons behind the American entrance into the Vietnam War.
U9T12 – I can describe the major military events that occurred during the Vietnam War (Vietnamization, Mai Lai Massacre, Cambodian invasion, etc)
Fidel Castro was in power in Cuba and promised to restore people’s rights and freedoms
Once in power, he seized private businesses and made offers to Soviet Union
The French loses control of Vietnam and Vietnam is spread into two sections (like Korea)
North Vietnam is Communist and South is not
Fear that it might spread lead to SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization)Background Info
Kennedy also followed the Cold War policies of his predecessors. He continued the nuclear arms buildup begun by Eisenhower. He continued to follow Truman’s practice of containment.
New Strategy: Flexible Response - Strengthening American forces so the nation would have options other than nuclear weapons in times of crisisKennedy and the Cold War
Fidel Castro came to power in Cuba in 1959 after a two year guerrilla war against Fulgencia Batista, the U.S. backed dictator of Cuba. As Castro’s followers increased in number, his tactics grew bolder. When his rebel force marched on Havana, Cuba’s capital city, Batista fled the country. On January 9, 1959 Castro entered Havana and declared victory.
Berlin had long been a problem for the Soviet Union. The western half of the city was an island of freedom surrounded by East Germany. In the first half alone, about 200,000 East Germans escaped Communism by slipping past guards to the safety of West Berlin. It was a concern that East Germany might use force to gain control of West Berlin. All agreed that Khrushchev was using Berlin to test America’s will in Europe.
Send military troops to dismantle the wall and open lines between West Berlin and East Germany.
The Berlin Wall
U.S. actions in the Bay of Pigs and Berlin Crisis encouraged hard-line leaders in the Soviet Union. They pushed Khrushchev to be more aggressive.
Khrushchev decided to upgrade Cuba’s defenses with aircraft missiles (SAMs) and continued to pump aid into Cuba. The Soviets pointed out that these were defensive weapons because of U.S. nuclear missiles placed in Turkey. Kennedy responded by ordering U-2 spy-plane flights over the island. On August 29, 1962 one of the flights detected the SAMs. The Soviets’ warned that a U.S. attack on Cuba would mean war.
Use the data here to plot US military advisers and troop involvement on your bar graphVietnam War Graph
When was the U.S. most involved in the Vietnam War?
Which happened faster: escalation or withdrawal of troops?
In your groups, discuss the lyrics to help you determine the grievances held by the anti-war movement.
“Waist Deep…” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=57Esi4AUVpA
“What’s Going On” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jzPA-FrVu3I
“Masters of War” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U93ezKkrW6M (at 6:06)
“I Feel Like I’m Fixin’ to Die” - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dATyZBEeDJ4
“War Pigs” - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xtqy4DTHGqgThe Anti-War Movement
"In view of developments since we entered the fighting in Vietnam, do you think the U.S. made a mistake sending troops to fight in Vietnam?" -- % saying No (Gallup)The Anti-War Movement