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Global public policy network on water management

globalpublic policy network on water management


Water and Climate Change Adaptation – Key Messages for COP-15

Global public policy network on water management

GPPN Backgroundjoint initiative of Stakeholder Forum and Stockholm International Water Instituteto consult and work with global stakeholders on priorities for the global water and sanitation agenda, and help communicate those priorities to decision-makerskey focus in 2009 on building broad stakeholder participation on water and climate change issues ahead of COP-15

Multi stakeholder initiative
Multi-stakeholder Initiative

Consulted broad range of stakeholders on water and climate change across ‘Major Groups’, including:

  • Farmers

  • Trade Unions

  • Women

  • Science and Technology

  • Local Authorities

  • NGOs

  • Business

  • Youth

  • Indigenous Peoples 

  • Also includes UN agencies.

Key messages
Key Messages

  • Problems/Issues:

  • Climate change adaptation IS water adaptation

  • Water and its availability and quality will be the main pressures on, and issues for, societies and the environment under climate change

  • Climate change impacts on water resources will present obstacles to achieving the MDGs, due to reduced water availability, flooding, lower food production and extreme weather events.

  • Adaptation must address the water sector as a priority

Global public policy network on water management

  • Good Governance

  • Develop national and cross-sectoral Climate Change Adaptation Plans with Water Management as a cross-cutting consideration: system wide approach with water as central.

  • Strengthen institutional capacity to integrate climate change adaptation into existing water management plans and policies

  • Empower local communities and stakeholders to participate in water resources planning and management for climate change adaptation: scale up local coping strategies and techniques, build on traditional knowledge.

  • Strengthen mechanisms for effective transboundary water management arrangements: build capacity for agreeing legal frameworks, recognise role of UN Watercourses Convention, re-negotiate existing transboundary water management agreements.

Effective water management
Effective Water Management

  • Integrated Water Resources Management provides good framework for adapting to climate impacts on water resources.

  • Institute effective demand-management measures including efficiency-enhancing technologies across all sectors, incentives for efficient water-usage, increased storage capacity

  • Take an ecosystem approach: Adaptation planning must integrate the preservation and restoration of ecosystems as part of an investment in natural and environmental infrastructure for climate resilience. Natural ecosystems must be recognized as water ‘customers’ in their own right..

  • Address future uncertainty to avoid ‘Maladaptation’: avoid measures that lead to enhanced water supply in the short term, but increased water consumption or ‘maladaptation’ in the long-term

Global public policy network on water management

  • Information, Observation, Monitoring and Impact Assessment

  • Invest in improved meteorological information, systematic observation and forecasting services; enhance collection of localised data; enhance capacity for data analysis and transfer relevant technology for doing so.

  • Enhance availability of and access to data: Make existing data more widely available, especially to poor and vulnerable communities; Share hydrological data in and among regions in accordance with WMO Resolution 25 on free and open exchange of hydrological data.

  • Identify Hotspots: Regional, country and community level ‘vulnerability’ hotspots must be identified so that resources might be channelled accordingly. Further assessment must also be made to identify priority countries and communities.

Global public policy network on water management

  • Fair and Equitable Finance

  • Funding for Climate Change Adaptation must be new and additional to Official Development Assistance (ODA)

  • Integrate and Mainstream Climate Change Adaptation into Existing Funds for Water Management: integrate climate change adaptation into existing funding streams for water management. Consider adaptive water management as a priority for other water-reliant sectors.

  • Prioritize water sector in Adaptation Funding: The UNFCCC Adaptation Fund should prioritise water management for the spending of funds for climate change adaptation.

  • Create a well-governed and coherent adaptation architecture: define roles and responsibilities of various funds .

Global public policy network on water management

  • Way Forward for COP-15

  • Develop (online) resource to promote information sharing among diversity of initiatives, provide updates on COP-15 process, information on negotiations and ‘entry points’ for water and climate change adaptation.

  • Convene workshop prior to June Bonn Meeting, with negotiators and stakeholders focussing on Water and Climate Change Adaptation – including Danish Initiative

  • Co-ordinate strategy meetings on water and climate change at COP-15 and related preparatory meetings

  • Seek co-ordination among stakeholders on development of draft text for negotiations.

  • Generate sense of ‘water community’ at COP-15

Global public policy network on water management

Thank you!

Hannah Stoddart

GPPN Secretariat