Chapter 4: Ancient Egypt and Nubia. Section 2 Art, Architecture, and Learning in Egypt. Section 2 Art, Architecture, and Learning in Egypt. Important Vocabulary Hieroglyphic: a drawing or symbol that represents a word or a sound Papyrus: a material very similar to paper
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Art, Architecture, and Learning in Egypt
Hieroglyphic: a drawing or symbol that represents a word or a sound
Papyrus: a material very similar to paper
pyramid: a structure with triangular sides
sculpture: a statue or other free-standing piece of art made of clay, stone, or other materials
Anatomy: the study of the structure of the body and its organs
Papyrus sheets could last a very long time in the dry environment of Egypt.
During the Old Kingdom, three pyramids were built at Giza for King Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure.
The ancient Egyptians wanted to keep the seasons linked to the seasons to help farmers plan when to plant and harvest
commerce: buying and selling of goods and services
ivory: a hard white material made from elephant tusks
interdependence: dependence by each country or group on the other
Meroitic script: the world’s first alphabets created by the Nubians
ebony: a black wood from West Africa
The region south of Egypt, farther up the Nile River is known today as the region of Nubia. It extends into northern Sudan
Nubians built hundreds of pyramids at Napata and Meroe. They were built at a steep angle unlike the pyramids of Egypt.