4.3 Egypt and Nubia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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4.3 Egypt and Nubia
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4.3 Egypt and Nubia

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  1. 4.3Egypt and Nubia

  2. Trade in Ancient Egypt • Although Egypt produced a large surplus they lacked many other resources • Egypt acquired the needed resources through trade, or commerce • Some of the goods the Egyptians traded for were luxury items • Perfumes • Precious stones

  3. Trade in Ancient Egypt • Trade in the Eastern Mediterranean • As early as the Old Kingdom they traded with others in the eastern Med. • In Lebanon they traded for cedar • They traded for olive oil and metal with other peoples

  4. Trade in Ancient Egypt • Trade in the Nile Valley • Trade with Nubia also began with the Old Kingdom • From the Nubia • Gold • Ivory • From Egypt • Grain Glass • Cloth Jewelry • Papyrus

  5. Trade in Ancient Egypt • Trade in the Nile Valley • This reliance on each other for trade made them interdependent • It also meant they shared culture • The Nubians adopted many Egyptian ideas including religion

  6. The Land of Nubia • Some of Nubia’s geography was similar to Egypt, but some was different • Like Egypt • In the Sahara with little rain • Depended on the fertile Nile Valley • Different • Cataracts in Nubia – had to travel on foot • Narrower part of the valley – less surplus • Closer contact with the other people of Africa

  7. Nubia and Egypt • The Egyptians realized they could • trade with the Nubians • get their gold • which they traded for other resources from the Mediterranean

  8. Nubia and Egypt • Egypt Conquers Nubia • To gain more control of the resources of Nubia Egypt conquered Nubia • During both the Middle and New Kingdoms • When conquered had to pay tribute (forced taxes) • After Ramses II the control over Nubia weakened • Nubia becomes independent with its own king

  9. Nubia and Egypt • Nubia Conquers Egypt • 700s BC Piye conquers Egypt • Announced himself ruler of united Egypt and Nubia • Nubia ruled Egypt for nearly 100 years • Followed Egyptian customs • Could have ruled longer but tried to expand • Fought with the Assyrians • Assyrians conquered Egypt\Nubians retreated to Nubia

  10. Nubian Civilization • Nubia was still an advanced civilization • Its own writing, economy, and government • Independent Nubia • Egypt destroyed the capital of Nubia, Napata, in 591 BC • Moved the capital to MeroË • It was easier to defend • Center for trade and iron working

  11. Nubian Civilization • Independent Nubia • Nubian Iron was stronger than Egyptian bronze • Built hundreds of pyramids in MeroËand Napata • Queen Mothers, or Candaces, also had power • Sometimes more power than the king himself • Developed their own alphabet • One of the 1st in the world • We have learned their alphabet • But don’t know the words yet

  12. Nubian Civilization • Nubia’s Link to Africa and the World • Controlled a larger area than Egypt • Known for Iron making abilities • Traded items like ebony and ivory from the interior of Africa • to get the food they needed • War with Rome weakened Nubia • Raids by desert people made it worse • Finally Nubia was conquered by the empire of Aksum