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  1. Are You a Workaholic? Unit 7 Section B

  2. Contents • Revision • Reading skill • Idea sharing • Listening tasks • Fun time • Assignments

  3. I. Old to New reason; quarrel means of setting free;way out the more important thing hurry away respond cause to feel sudden strong feeling extra,additional argument outlet priority flee react overwhelm excess

  4. II. Chinese to English sense of self-worth and accomplishment tie their self-worth to their work • 自我价值和成就感 • 将自我价值和工作联系在一起 • 将成功与勤奋工作划等号 • 孤注一掷 • 不愿意熬夜工作的人 • 以更高的工资和更好的待遇回报他们 • 美国人往往被工作缠身 8. 做一个身心健康的人 equate success with hard work put all their eggs in one basket workers unwilling to burn the midnight oil reward them with higher pay and better benefits Americans tend to become trapped in work. to be a healthy person physically and psychologically

  5. III. Check Yourself 1. I missed the train and _____ was late for school. A. finally B. eventually C. subsequently D. consequently 2. Testing the new-model plane is a _______ job, but he decided to devote himself to it. A. profitable B. hazardous C. well-paid D. hasty 3. He drove fast and arrived an hour ____ of schedule. A. in advance B. ahead C. abreast D. in front

  6. IV. A Summary reasons Being a workaholic is different from working hard. Workaholics often find _________ for working more, feel ________ without work to do, hide from problems through work and have unbalanced, one ____________ lives. They are pushed into a _________________ habit by workaholism. People seek to escape other parts of lives through work to produce _____________. Since they tend to put all their ______ into one basket, they can be helped by __________ these eggs into several baskets. So, to be a healthy person, one should try to regain more of a ________ in his life. lost dimensional controlling good feelings eggs spreading balance

  7. Approaches to Guessing the Meanings of New Words • GuessChampion

  8. I. Approaches to Guessing the Meanings of New Words

  9. Seven Approaches 1. By definition (定义). 2. By helping words (辅助词) : that is, meaning, such as, or, likewise … 3. By the opposite of the word. 4. By your own experiences. 5. By sentences before or after the sentence. 6. By examples. 7. By word part clues. q

  10. II. Guess Champion Guess the meaning and tell the clue, the first one telling the key gets one mark.

  11. easy to control • Being a good, docile son, I didn’t argue with my parents. • Their friends laughed at them, and my sisters felt wretched, very unhappy. 3. Most of us agreed; however, Bill dissented. 4. She is studying glaucoma and other diseases of the eye. very unhappy disagreed a kind of eye disease

  12. 5. Aristophanes said, “By words, the mind is excited and the spirit elated.” A. filled with joy B. cleaned C. lifted D. cleaned up

  13. 6. • My father is a good cook and invites you two to have a taste of his culinary skill this weekend. • A. academic B. cooking • C. eating D. tasting

  14. 7. • Does even the minimal microwave radiation absorbed by the brain contain sufficient thermal—or warming power to “cook” the brain? • A. warming B. minimal • C. radiation D. cooling

  15. 8. • The landlady could not accommodate us because all her rooms were booked. • A. adapt us B. put up with us • C. put us up D. help us

  16. Remark on Proverbs • Job Stress

  17. Remark on Proverbs 1. Work while you work, play while you play. 2. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. 3. Never put off till tomorrow what may be done today. 4. Grasp all, lose all. … Make a list of some proverbs on work. Then make a few remarks on one of them. Sample Remark

  18. Sample Remark The proverb “Work while you work, play while you play” is applicable to everyone of any profession. When we do something, we should not think or worry about anything else. When our mind is concentrated on one particular thing, it will surely yield good results. With constant repetition of a daily program, we can go on with our regular work without any difficulties.

  19. Moreover, one cannot work all day long. Play is as necessary to everybody as work. Play can make one fresh and cheerful so that one may not be sick of his work. I think this proverb is also a good motto for us students.

  20. Job Stress Stress is another factor that can lead to illness. It’s not that stress causes a cold or causes a flu per se, but it can lower your body’s resistance by depressing the immune system. For many, a major source of daily stress is their jobs, and stress levels can be particularly high in a big city emergency room, like this one. And unfortunately, catching a cold is the least of a stressed-out worker’s worries. …More?

  21. Job Stress

  22. Multiple choice: Directions: Listen to the following 20 short conversations. Each conversation is followed by ONE question. After you hear the question, there’ll be a break of 15 seconds. During the break, you’ll read the four choices marked (A), (B), (C) and (D), and decide which is the best answer.

  23. 1.(A) She’s finished her research project.(B) She’s happy with her research project.(C) Her research project isn’t completed yet.(D) She’ll fail in her research project. 2.(A) They shouldn’t work as hard as ever.(B) They should find a better place than the beach.(C) They shouldn’t spend so much money at the beach.(D) They should stay longer at the beach.3.(A) She is calm about the news.(B) She is shocked.(C) She feels worried.(D) She feels angry.

  24. 4.(A) The woman likes fishing.(B) The woman doesn’t care about the experiment.(C) He doesn’t want the woman to do her experiment.(D) He is not good at fishing.5.(A) He is under great stress.(B) He is overwhelmed by a mountain.(C) He is busy with his work so as to make more money.(D) He has finished three reports. 6.(A) He is a man of strength.(B) He enjoys himself with a light load.(C) He’s a workaholic himself.(D) He can save your life.

  25. 7.(A) He is doing fine now.(B) He is cool, calm and collected now.(C) He is as relaxed as before.(D) He is overwhelmed by stress as before.8.(A) Bill should not be suffering from some heart disease as he is still young.(B) Bill’s suffering from heart disease is not anything to wonder about.(C) Bill has been hot-tempered to her.(D) The woman is very cruel to Bill. 9.(A) He feels sorry for him as he has too much work.(B) He feels happy for John for his new job.(C) He feels that higher pay and better benefits are good for John.(D) He thought he could find a better job elsewhere.

  26. 10.(A) She forgot to tell her mother about her high cholesterol levels.(B) She thinks speaking is easier than writing.(C) It’ll be difficult for her to persuade her mother to forget about her high cholesterol levels.(D) It should be quite easy to reduce her mother’s cholesterol levels. 11.(A) She has lots of work to do.(B) She’s worried about her father.(C) She’s in a bad mood because her father was attacked on the road last night.(D) She didn’t like today’s class.12.(A) There is no telling why David is successful.(B) David only knows how to work for success.(C) David is a man who has a lot of fun in life.(D) David knows working hard as well as enjoying life.

  27. 13.(A) She should encourage herself to triumph over the difficulties.(B) She should avoid hurting her heart.(C) She should ask someone to take care of her life.(D) She should feel overwhelmed only on some occasions. 14.(A) He has set a lot of deadlines for his work.(B) He is a man of responsibility.(C) He is a man overwhelmed by stress.(D) He is an easygoing man. 15.(A) It is the first sign of anger.(B) It is related to anger.(C) It is a cause of anger.(D) It gives to anger.

  28. 16.(A) She’ll stop to take a rest.(B) She’ll have her eyes checked.(C) She’ll stop to read for hours.(D) She’ll continue to read four hours. 17.(A) Dick went to see the doctor.(B) Dick was his patient.(C) He saw Dick at the cleaner’s.(D) Dick suffered a lot during the flood. 18.(A) The best student may have a light schedule.(B) The man had better attend classes during the day.(C) The man’s idea is a good one.(D) The man is one of the best students.

  29. 19.(A) The woman is worried about the exams.(B) The woman should have a thorough checkup.(C) It is necessary to take the exams seriously.(D) The woman is angry with the final exams. 20.(A) He has been not working on his research project.(B) He has been expecting the woman to help him with his research project.(C) He was too sick to work on his research project.(D) He’s been busy working on his research project.

  30. Listen again and check the answers.

  31. 1.(A) She’s finished her research project.(B) She’s happy with her research project.(C) Her research project isn’t completed yet.(D) She’ll fail in her research project. 2.(A) They shouldn’t work as hard as ever.(B) They should find a better place than the beach.(C) They shouldn’t spend so much money at the beach.(D) They should stay longer at the beach.3.(A) She is calm about the news.(B) She is shocked.(C) She feels worried.(D) She feels angry.

  32. 4.(A) The woman likes fishing.(B) The woman doesn’t care about the experiment.(C) He doesn’t want the woman to do her experiment.(D) He is not good at fishing.5.(A) He is under great stress.(B) He is overwhelmed by a mountain.(C) He is busy with his work so as to make more money.(D) He has finished three reports. 6.(A) He is a man of strength.(B) He enjoys himself with a light load.(C) He’s a workaholic himself.(D) He can save your life.

  33. 7.(A) He is doing fine now.(B) He is cool, calm and collected now.(C) He is as relaxed as before.(D) He is overwhelmed by stress as before.8.(A) Bill should not be suffering from some heart disease as he is still young.(B) Bill’s suffering from heart disease is not anything to wonder about.(C) Bill has been hot-tempered to her.(D) The woman is very cruel to Bill. 9.(A) He feels sorry for him as he has too much work.(B) He feels happy for John for his new job.(C) He feels that higher pay and better benefits are good for John.(D) He thought he could find a better job elsewhere.

  34. 10.(A) She forgot to tell her mother about her high cholesterol levels.(B) She thinks speaking is easier than writing.(C) It’ll be difficult for her to persuade her mother to forget about her high cholesterol levels.(D) It should be quite easy to reduce her mother’s cholesterol levels. 11.(A) She has lots of work to do.(B) She’s worried about her father.(C) She’s in a bad mood because her father was attacked on the road last night.(D) She didn’t like today’s class.12.(A) There is no telling why David is successful.(B) David only knows how to work for success.(C) David is a man who has a lot of fun in life.(D) David knows working hard as well as enjoying life.

  35. 13.(A) She should encourage herself to triumph over the difficulties.(B) She should avoid hurting her heart.(C) She should ask someone to take care of her life.(D) She should feel overwhelmed only on some occasions. 14.(A) He has set a lot of deadlines for his work.(B) He is a man of responsibility.(C) He is a man overwhelmed by stress.(D) He is an easygoing man. 15.(A) It is the first sign of anger.(B) It is related to anger.(C) It is a cause of anger.(D) It gives to anger.

  36. 16.(A) She’ll stop to take a rest.(B) She’ll have her eyes checked.(C) She’ll stop to read for hours.(D) She’ll continue to read four hours. 17.(A) Dick went to see the doctor.(B) Dick was his patient.(C) He saw Dick at the cleaner’s.(D) Dick suffered a lot during the flood. 18.(A) The best student may have a light schedule.(B) The man had better attend classes during the day.(C) The man’s idea is a good one.(D) The man is one of the best students.

  37. 19.(A) The woman is worried about the exams.(B) The woman should have a thorough checkup.(C) It is necessary to take the exams seriously.(D) The woman is angry with the final exams. 20.(A) He has been not working on his research project.(B) He has been expecting the woman to help him with his research project.(C) He was too sick to work on his research project.(D) He’s been busy working on his research project.

  38. IV. Fun Time A Poem— Think It Over Jazz Music

  39. Now we have more possessions, more fun and more excitement than we used to. But do we really enjoy happiness? Listen to the poem and think it over.

  40. Think It Over… • Today we have higher buildings and wider highways, but shorter temperaments and narrower points of view; • We spend more, but enjoy less; • We have bigger houses, but smaller families; • We have more compromises, but less time; • We have more knowledge, but less judgment;

  41. We have more medicines, but less health; • We have multiplied our possessions, but reduced our values; • We talk much, we love only a little, and we hate too much; • We reached the Moon and came back, but we found it troublesome to cross our own street and meet our neighbors;

  42. We have conquered the outer space, but not our inner space; • We have higher income, but less morals; • These are times with more liberty, but less joy; • We have much more food, but less nutrition; • These are the days in which it takes two salaries for each home, but divorces increase; • These are times of finer houses, but more broken homes; • That’s why I propose, that as of today:

  43. You do not keep anything for a special occasion because every day that you live is a special occasion; • Search for knowledge, read more, sit on your front porch and admire the view without paying attention to your needs; • Spend more time with your family and friends, eat your favorite foods, visit the places you love;

  44. Life is a chain of moments of enjoyment; not only about survival; • Use your crystal goblets. Do not save your best perfume, and use it every time you feel you want it. • Remove your vocabulary phrases like “one of these days” or “someday”; • Let’s write that letter we thought of writing “one of these days”!

  45. Let’s tell our families and friends how much we love them; • Do not delay anything that adds laughter and joy to your life; • Every day, every hour, and every minute is special; • And you don’t know if it will be your last. The End

  46. JAZZ by Louis Armstrong JAZZ is a type of popular music which developed in the Southern states of America around the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, principally in New Orleans and largely in the hands of black musicians.

  47. LOUIS ARMSTRONG Louis Armstrong, the leader of the world of jazz & a giant of American jazz. He died peacefully in his sleep on June 6, 1971. President Nixon made the comment on his contributions that Louis Armstrong was one of the architects of an American art

  48. form, a free and individual spirit, and an artist of worldwide fame. However, he lived a miserable life in his childhood … His life as a musician began at the Home for Orphans. After one year at the Home, Louis was still too young to lay his horn professionally. And so in order to support himself, he delivered coal, ran errands, and sold newspapers. As payment for the errands he ran for Mrs. Joe Oliver, her husband, “King” Oliver, gave Louis music lessons.

  49. For three years, Louis played with Fate Marable’s band on a Mississippi riverboat. There he wrote songs and learned the In 1925 Armstrong returned to Chicago where he recorded a series of jazz classics with his “Hot Five” and “Hot Seven” bands. These recordings soon earned him a worldwide reputation and a position as the unchallenged world of music. leader of the world of jazz.

  50. Assignments Review Unit 7 Preview Unit 8 Section A