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Normans. Who were the Normans. Normans descended from the Vikings who settled in Normandy, France. In 1066 their leader William the Conqueror invaded England. He defeated King Harold at the Battle of Hastings. Bayeux Tapestry.

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who were the normans
Who were the Normans
  • Normans descended

from the Vikings who

settled in Normandy,


  • In 1066 their leader

William the Conqueror invaded England.

  • He defeated King Harold at the Battle of Hastings.
bayeux tapestry
Bayeux Tapestry
  • The story of the battle was shown on the Bayeux Tapestry.
  • William the Conqueror's wife, and her ladies in waiting, worked on a tapestry.
  • The tapestry tells the story of William's successful invasion of England. 
  • There were 72 scenes, Each scene told one piece of the story.
  • They worked on the tapestry for 10 years. When completed, the tapestry was 20 inches high, and 250 feet long.
two sections of bayeux tapestry
Two Sections of Bayeux Tapestry

Invasion of Britain 1066

Morning of Battle of Hastings

why did the normans come to ireland
Why did the Normans come to Ireland ?
  • In 12th century Ireland was ruled by powerful families led by chieftains.
  • Battles for power occurred among these chieftains.
  • When Ruairí O’Connor was High King he banished Diarmuid McMurrough from Leinster.
  • Diarmuid asked Henry II (King of England and Normandy) for help.
the arrival of strongbow
The arrival of Strongbow
  • Henry allowed Norman Lords to come to Ireland to help DiarmuidMcMurrough.
  • Richard de Clare better known as Strongbow came to Ireland.
  • Normans landed in

Bannow Bay, Wexford

in 1169.

  • Normans were well

equipped. Irish

couldn’t match them.

strongbow s deal
Strongbow’s deal
  • Strongbow promised to help DiarmuidMcMurrough if he got land in Ireland, permission to marry Aoife, Diarmuid,s daughter and to become King of Leinster when Diarmuid died.
  • Marriage of Aoife

and Strongbow;

on display National

Gallery of Art,


normans capture of irish cities
Normans capture of Irish cities
  • In 1170 Normans captured Waterford.
  • They marched to Dublin, Archbishop Laurence O’Toole tried to make peace with them but a group broke into the city and captured it.
  • In 1171 Diarmuid died suddenly,

Strongbow became King of



ruair o connor strikes back
Ruairí O’Connor strikes back
  • Ruairí returned with an army to try to recapture Dublin. They kept Dublin under siege for two months hoping to starve the Normans out.
  • One day the Normans broke out

Ruairí and his men were taken

by surprise. The Normans

defeated them.

  • Strongbow was firmly in place as King of Leinster.

High King of Ireland

royal visit
Royal Visit
  • Henry II feared that Srtongbow and other Normans were becoming too powerful.
  • In 1171 Henry visited Ireland and took control.
  • The Norman Lords swore an oath of loyalty to Henry.

Henry II arrives in Ireland


Henry proclaimed himself “Lord of Ireland”

  • He granted Strongbow the title “Lord of Leinster”
  • He appointed Hugh de Lacy as his viceroy.
  • A viceroy does the work of the

king while the king is out of the


  • Hugh de Lacy married

Rose O’Connor, daughter of

Ruairí O’Connor.

the normans in ireland
The Normans in Ireland.
  • Many Normans married Irish women.
  • Some Normans learned to speak Gaeilge.
  • It is said that ‘the Normans became more Irish than the Irish themselves’