THE NORMANS. The Normans came to govern England following one of the most famous battles in English history: the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Four Norman kings presided over a period of great change and development for the country. . THE BATTLE OF HASTINGS.
The Normans came to govern England following one of the most famous battles in English history: the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Four Norman kings presided over a period of great change and development for the country.
The battle lasted from about 9 am to dusk. Early efforts of the invaders to break the English battle lines had little effect; therefore, the Normans adopted the tactic of pretending to flee in panic and then turning on their pursuers.
The Battle of Hastings was fought on 14 October 1066 between the Norman-French army of Duke William II of Normandy and an English army under the Anglo-Saxon King Harold II, during the Norman conquest England.
Fashions came and went during the 500 years of Castle Times. Styles changed more slowly than they do now. During the 11th and 12th centuries men and women wore undertunics beneath an overtunic that had a belt. Men's clothes might have been any length between short and ankle length but women's were always long.
As time went by rich people's clothes became tighter and more elaborate. Men wore baggy breeches. Men and women wore cloth stockings to keep their feet warm. No one wore clothes in bed.
Women wore veils or cap-shaped hats with a wimple. A wimple is a cloth that covered their necks. As time passed by, women's head accessories got complicated. Some of them looked like animals horns , they also wore coloured eye shadow.
There was a range of white and brown breads made from different mixtures of wheat and rye flour. Poor families would normally eat dark, heavy bread made from barley and rye.
When grain was in short supply, people would include beans, peas and even acorns in their bread. Peasants were not allowed to bake their bread in their own homes, they had to pay to use the lord’s oven.
Because bread was such an important food, there were laws introduced, known as the Bread Laws. Bakers who were found guilty of selling loaves that were underweight, could be locked in the pillory (a wooden framework on a post with holes for the head and hands).
Abbey were centres of musical production and education . At Fécamp under two Italian abbots, William of Volpiano and John of Ravenna, the system of denoting notes by letters was the tradition of singing.
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