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Driving simulator performance of Veterans from the Iraq and Afghanistan wars. Melissa M. Amick, PhD; Melissa Kraft, PsyD; Regina McGlinchey, PhD. Aim

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driving simulator performance of veterans from the iraq and afghanistan wars

Driving simulator performance of Veterans from the Iraq and Afghanistan wars

Melissa M. Amick, PhD; Melissa Kraft, PsyD; Regina McGlinchey, PhD

slide2

Aim

    • Examine driving simulator performance in Operation Iraqi Freedom/Enduring Freedom Veterans who self-report poorer driving safety postdeployment.
  • Relevance
    • Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of disability, hospitalization, and outpatient visits across military.
    • Veterans have higher fatality rates (23.6/100,000) than nondeployed Veterans (15.9/100,000) and general U.S. population (16.3/100,000).
method
Method
  • 25 Veterans and 25 age- and education-matched civilian controls participated in 30 min driving simulator assessment that measured frequency of driving errors.
  • All participants self-reported driving history and Veterans completed Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Checklist–Military Version.
results
Results
  • Veterans (vs civilian controls):
    • Committed more speeding errors.
    • Reported poorer lifetime driving record.
  • Exploratory analyses revealed association between increasing errors on driving simulator with increasing symptoms of PTSD.
    • However, correlation not significant.
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Findings suggest that:
    • Veterans perform more poorly on objective evaluation of driving safety.
    • PTSD could be associated with worse performance on this standardized driving simulator assessment.