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Unit 6 Continued. Post Washington Era Federalists in Power 1796 - 1800 . First Election w/ Political Parties (Partisan) Dominated by Foreign Affairs Split in loyalty of Federalists Hamilton backs Thomas Pinkney Jefferson brought out of “Retirement”. Election of 1796.

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unit 6 continued

Unit 6 Continued

Post Washington Era

Federalists in Power

1796 - 1800

election of 1796

First Election w/ Political Parties (Partisan)

  • Dominated by Foreign Affairs
  • Split in loyalty of Federalists
    • Hamilton backs Thomas Pinkney
  • Jefferson brought out of “Retirement”
Election of 1796
election of 17961
Election of 1796
  • Results:
    • John Adams 1st – President
    • Jefferson 2nd – Vice President
      • Different Political Parties
president john adams
President John Adams
  • Obstacles:
    • Succeeding Washington
    • Political factions
      • Retains Washington’s Cabinet
        • Causes problems because of loyalty to Hamilton
president john adams1
President John Adams
  • Foreign Affairs
    • War in Europe
    • French hostility towards U.S.
      • Resent Federalists ties w/ England
  • Personality
    • Arrogant (unlikable)
the x y z affair 1797
The X,Y,Z Affair 1797
  • U.S. Diplomats to France
    • Request meeting w/ Prince Talleyrand
      • Foreign Minister
    • French Agents request
      • Apology for Adams speech
      • $10 mill. Loan
      • $250 thousand bribe
    • U.S. outrage
      • “Millions for defense but not one cent for tribute”
the x y z affair 17971
The X,Y,Z Affair 1797
  • Results
    • Break in relations w/ France - stop of all trade
    • Hires Privateers
    • Leads to undeclared Naval War
war with france 1798

Undeclared Naval War

  • Build up of U.S. Military
    • Raised taxes
    • Creates Secretary of the Navy
  • 80 ships lost on both sides
  • Adams seeks to minimize conflict
    • Despite public outcry
  • 1800 Napoleon to power
    • Ends Treaty of Alliance
    • U.S> has no obligation to support

France, US gave up claim against

Damaged ships

“War” With France 1798
the alien sedition acts 1798

Enacted by Federalists

    • Passed a series of laws to suppress Republican opposition & insure power for their own party.
  • Naturalization Acts
    • extended the time it took to become a citizen from 5 to 14 years.
    • Belief that most foreigners joined the Republicans.
The Alien & Sedition Acts 1798
the alien sedition acts 17981
The Alien & Sedition Acts 1798
  • Alien Acts
    • President has the power to deport any alien he thought dangerous to the nation’s security.
    • In time of war, the power to deport or arrest all aliens who come from an enemy nation
the alien sedition acts 17982

Sedition Act 1798

    • No Criticism of President / Congress / Cabinet
    • Heavy fines & Jail
    • 25 Democratic Republican publishers arrested
      • Some to jail
        • Thomas Cooper
  • Leads to downfall of Federalists
The Alien & Sedition Acts 1798
virginia kentucky resolutions 1798

Democratic Republicans response to Alien & Sedition Acts

    • Written secretly by Jefferson & Madison
  • Called for:
    • Freedom of Speech / Press
    • End to Central Govt. Tyranny
    • “States Rights”
      • Nullification
        • States judge Constitutionality of Laws
        • May declare Laws “Null & Void”
  • Major issue in Civil War
Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions1798
election of 1800
Election of 1800
  • Resentment against Federalists
    • Alien & Sedition Acts
  • Split between Hamilton & Adams
  • Candidates
    • Federalists:
      • John Adams &

C.C. Pinckney

    • Republicans
      • Thomas Jefferson &

Aaron Burr

  • “Dirty Campaign”
election of 18002
Election of 1800
  • Election a tie
    • Jefferson & Burr
  • Decided in House of Representatives
    • 36 Ballots
    • Great debate
  • Hamilton verbally attacks Burr
    • “Most unfit man to be President”
election of 18003

Thomas Jefferson will become president and Aaron Burr will become vice president.

  • The Election of 1800 was the last time the Federalists came close to winning an election.
  • The 12th Amendment is added in 1804 to prevent this problem.
Election of 1800
decline of the federalist party

Achievements:

    • Established workable Govt.
      • Prosperous economy – Manufacturing based
  • Reasons for Federalist downfall
    • Viewed as favorable to Upper Class
      • Distrust of common man
    • Pro-British policies
    • Alien & Sedition Acts
Decline of the Federalist Party