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The Sonnet. A sonnet is. a lyric poem consisting of fourteen lines written in iambic pentameter with a definite rhyme scheme and a definite thought structure. A lyric poem. Deals with emotions, feelings. Iambic pentameter consists of. five measures, units, or meters, of iambs.

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Presentation Transcript
a sonnet is
A sonnet is
  • a lyric poem
  • consisting of fourteen lines
  • written in iambic pentameter
  • with a definite rhyme scheme
  • and a definite thought structure
a lyric poem
A lyric poem
  • Deals with emotions, feelings
iambic pentameter consists of
Iambic pentameter consists of
  • five measures, units, or meters, of
  • iambs
an iamb is a metrical foot consisting of an unaccented syllable u followed by an accented syllable
An iamb is a metrical foot consisting ofan unaccented syllable Ufollowed by an accented syllable /.
iambic pentameter
Iambic pentameter

1 2 3 4 5

U / U / U / U / U /

  • One day I wrote her name u pon the sand,

U / U / U / U / U /

  • But came the waves and wash ed it a way:

U / U / U / U / U /

  • A gain I wrote it with a sec ond hand,

U / U / U / U / U /

  • But came the tide, and made my pains his prey
          • Edmund Spenser, Amoretti, Sonnet 75
rhyme scheme
Rhyme scheme
  • Petrarchan (Italian) rhyme scheme:

abba, abba, cd, cd, cd

abba, abba, cde, cde

  • Shakespearean (English, or Elizabethan) rhyme scheme:

abab, cdcd, efef, gg

sonnet 18
Sonnet 18

A

B

A

B

C

D

C

D

E

F

E

F

G

G

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?

Thou art more lovely and more temperate:

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer's lease hath all too short a date:

Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,

And often is his gold complexion dimmed,

And every fair from fair sometime declines,

By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed:

But thy eternal summer shall not fade,

Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st,

Nor shall death brag thou wander'st in his shade,

When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st,

So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,

So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

thought structure
Thought structure
  • Petrarchan
  • Octave/ sestet

The octave, eight lines, presents a situation or idea.

The sestet (sextet), six lines, responds, to the situation or idea in the octave.

  • Shakespearean
  • Quatrain, quatrain, quatrain, couplet

Each quatrain, four lines, describes and idea or situation which leads to a conclusion or response in the couplet, two lines.

sonnet 181
Sonnet 18

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?

Thou art more lovely and more temperate:

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer's lease hath all too short a date:

Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,

And often is his gold complexion dimmed,

And every fair from fair sometime declines,

By chance, or nature's changing course untrimmed:

But thy eternal summer shall not fade,

Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st,

Nor shall death brag thou wander'st in his shade,

When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st,So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

The octave describes the ways in which the summer’s day is inferior to the beloved.

The sestet describes the ways in which the beloved is superior to the summer’s day.

sonnet 29
Sonnet 29

The diction of the octave implies the speaker’s self-pity and depression.

When in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes

I all alonebeweep my outcast state,

And troubledeaf heaven with my bootlesscries,

And look upon myself, and curse my fate,

Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,

Featured like him, like him with friends possessed,

Desiring this man's art, and that man's scope,

With what I most enjoy contented least;

Yet in these thoughts my self almost despising,

Haply I think on thee, and then my state,

Like to the lark at break of day arising

From sullen earth, singshymns at heaven's gate;

For thy sweet love remembered such wealth bringsThat then I scorn to change my state with kings.

The sestet’s diction, in conrast, is joyful.