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Tang and Song China. Chapter 12 Section 1. Tang Dynasty. 618-907 Expanded China’s Borders Restored the Civil Service Examinations Was supposed to open up bureaucracy; but only the rich could obtain the education necessary to do well on the examinations

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tang and song china

Tang and Song China

Chapter 12 Section 1

tang dynasty
Tang Dynasty
  • 618-907
  • Expanded China’s Borders
  • Restored the Civil Service Examinations
    • Was supposed to open up bureaucracy; but only the rich could obtain the education necessary to do well on the examinations
    • Many moderately wealthy families will be involved in China’s Government
fall of tang
Fall of Tang
  • Tang imposed high taxes in the mid 700’s
  • Tang struggled to control their vast empire
    • 751 Muslim armies defeated the Chinese at Battle of Talas
  • 907 Chinese Rebels burn Tang Capital and kill last emperor (child)
song dynasty
Song Dynasty
  • Were not able to reclaim all the lands lost by the Tang
  • Established smaller empire, but very prosperous empire with capital south of the Chang Jiang
science and technology
Science and Technology
  • Inventions
    • Movable type printing press
    • Gunpowder
  • Mathematics
    • Use of negative numbers
agriculture
Agriculture
  • New strains of rice allowed for multiple crops a year
    • More food allowed for population growth
trade and foreign contacts
Trade and Foreign Contacts
  • Trade will shift from the Silk Road to overseas
changes in chinese society
Changes in Chinese Society
  • Gentry Class
    • Upper Middle class, made up of scholar-officials
    • Attain status through education
  • Status of Women
    • Always been lower than men, but greater difference during this time period
    • Foot binding
review questions
Review Questions
  • Why was it important to connect the northern cities and the southern region of the Sui Dynasty?
  • Why might Tang rulers have fought to expand China’s borders?
  • What concerns might Song Emperors have had when buying peace from their Northern enemies?
  • Why might the Huang He have become a stable border for the Southern Song?
  • How might officials’ distribution of a new strain of rice have been a political as well as an agricultural decision?
  • What factors might have contributed to China’s scientific and technological achievements?
  • Which groups benefited the most from changes in Chinese society? Which groups benefited the least?