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China: Tang & Song Dynasties. EQ: How do contributions from these dynasties impact us today?. Tang Dynasty: 618-907CE. United China Built a vast empire The capital was at Xian Vietnam, Korea, & Tibet become tributary states

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china tang song dynasties

China: Tang & SongDynasties

EQ: How do contributions from these dynasties impact us today?

tang dynasty 618 907ce
Tang Dynasty: 618-907CE
  • United China
  • Built a vast empire
    • The capital was at Xian
    • Vietnam, Korea, & Tibet become tributary states
      • A tributary state is independent, but China is the supreme power and these states must pay a tribute ($$$) to China
tang government
Tang Government
  • Guided by Confucian ideals
    • Emphasis on social order ensures stability
      • duty, rank, proper behavior
  • Skilled government
    • Revive the civil service exam system (begun by the Han Dynasty)
    • Difficult exams stressed Confucian thought
    • Highly educated ruling class
song dynasty 960 1279ce
Song Dynasty: 960-1279CE
  • Golden Age
    • Landscape painting
    • Calligraphy
    • literature
  • Conquered by Mongols in 1279
    • Invaders from the north
tang song social structure
Social pyramid:

Gentry

Rich landowners

Some are civil servants

Peasants

Majority of population

farmers

Merchants

Some are rich

Low in status because their $$ comes from the work of others

Status of women

Many have authority

Manage family finances and run household

Boys still have higher value than girls

Once married, girls became part of their husband’s family

Could never remarry

Tang & Song Social Structure
tang song contributions
Economic

Land reform: redistributes land to peasants

Landowners have less power & peasants pay taxes

Canals

Trade expands (India, Persia, MidEast)

Paper $$$

Art & Lit

Poetry (Li Bo) & short story

Block printing

Landscaping

Calligrapy

Porcelain

Architecture

Pagoda = temple w/ roof that curves up at the corners

Tang & Song Contributions
so what
So what?
  • What is used today from the Tang & Song period?
  • Chinese culture will influence Japan’s development
  • More evidence proving the dynastic cycle
chinese contributions
CHINESE CONTRIBUTIONS
  • Find (identify) 2 contributions from the 3 periods of Chinese history that we have talked about so far…
    • 1. Shang & Zhou
    • 2. Qin & Han
    • 3. Tang & Song