Instrument Families and Classifications Overview Kenneth Beck Enterprise High School
What instruments do YOU know? • On a sheet of paper, write down every instrument you can think of. • Now, get with a partner and compare lists • Group the instruments on your list and label each group based on certain criteria (which you decide). • SHARE!!
This is how WE classify instruments… 6 Classes – Based on HOW sound is produced • Aerophones • Instruments which require air to vibrate • Membranophones • Instruments that have a stretched membrane or hide that vibrates • Idiophones • Instruments whose bodies vibrate when struck or shaken • Chordophones • Instruments with strings that vibrate • Electrophones • Instruments that require electricity • Corpophones • Human body used as an instrument
Aerophones • Require air blown into a tube to produce sound • Examples:
Membranophones • Have a stretched membrane or hide that vibrates • Examples:
Idiophones • Body must vibrate; must strike something, be struck by something, or be shaken • Examples:
Chordophones • Has Strings that vibrate • Examples:
Electrophones • Requires electricity • Examples:
Corpophones • Uses Human Body as instrument • Examples:
Let’s make our own… • Everyone grab a rubber band and find a partner. • Put the band around both thumbs and stretch the band until it is somewhat taut. • Partners, gently pluck the band and listen to what you hear. • This is an example of a … • CHORDOPHONE
Let’s make our own… • Everyone grab a cup and a balloon. • Carefully, stretch the balloon across the top of the cup. • Strike the stretched balloon with a pencil eraser or pen top. • This is an example of a … • MEMBRANOPHONE
Let’s make our own… • This one is hard… • Everyone come to the front and pick up a Kazoo. • Blow into the kazoo. • You just played an … • AEROPHONE
Let’s make our own… • Grab a cup with some rice in it. • Place your hand over the open edge. • Carefully shake the cup. • What kind of instrument is this? • IDIOPHONE
Let’s make our own… • Stand up • Hit your stomach with a flat hand. • This is an example of a … • CORPOPHONE
Which instrument class did we not make an instrument for? • ELECTROPHONE • Keyboard, Electric Guitar, etc.