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Instrument Families and Classifications Overview

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  1. Instrument Families and Classifications Overview Kenneth Beck Enterprise High School

  2. What instruments do YOU know? • On a sheet of paper, write down every instrument you can think of. • Now, get with a partner and compare lists • Group the instruments on your list and label each group based on certain criteria (which you decide). • SHARE!!

  3. This is how WE classify instruments… 6 Classes – Based on HOW sound is produced • Aerophones • Instruments which require air to vibrate • Membranophones • Instruments that have a stretched membrane or hide that vibrates • Idiophones • Instruments whose bodies vibrate when struck or shaken • Chordophones • Instruments with strings that vibrate • Electrophones • Instruments that require electricity • Corpophones • Human body used as an instrument

  4. Aerophones • Require air blown into a tube to produce sound • Examples:

  5. Membranophones • Have a stretched membrane or hide that vibrates • Examples:

  6. Idiophones • Body must vibrate; must strike something, be struck by something, or be shaken • Examples:

  7. Chordophones • Has Strings that vibrate • Examples:

  8. Electrophones • Requires electricity • Examples:

  9. Corpophones • Uses Human Body as instrument • Examples:

  10. Let’s make our own… • Everyone grab a rubber band and find a partner. • Put the band around both thumbs and stretch the band until it is somewhat taut. • Partners, gently pluck the band and listen to what you hear. • This is an example of a … • CHORDOPHONE

  11. Let’s make our own… • Everyone grab a cup and a balloon. • Carefully, stretch the balloon across the top of the cup. • Strike the stretched balloon with a pencil eraser or pen top. • This is an example of a … • MEMBRANOPHONE

  12. Let’s make our own… • This one is hard… • Everyone come to the front and pick up a Kazoo. • Blow into the kazoo. • You just played an … • AEROPHONE

  13. Let’s make our own… • Grab a cup with some rice in it. • Place your hand over the open edge. • Carefully shake the cup. • What kind of instrument is this? • IDIOPHONE

  14. Let’s make our own… • Stand up • Hit your stomach with a flat hand. • This is an example of a … • CORPOPHONE

  15. Which instrument class did we not make an instrument for? • ELECTROPHONE • Keyboard, Electric Guitar, etc.